Flashcards in Unit 1 Deck (24):
What are the Principles of Growth?
Growth is variables across different parts of the body and is measured using height, weight and dimensions.
What are the Principles of Development?
Development follows an orderly sequence and is the acquisition of skills and abilities.
the increase in measurable quantity eg. height, weight,.
complex changes in skills, abilities and capabilities. eg. zipping a jumper.
Define gross motor skills
the use of bigger muscles like legs/arms and larger movements. eg. running, cycling, swimming.
Define fine motor skills
the use of smaller muscles like fingers and smaller movements eg. turning pages.
What are primary sexual characteristics?
Sexual characteristics that are present at birth and develop at puberty.
What are secondary sexual characteristics?
Sexual characteristics that develop during puberty.
What are the five intellectual developments?
Language development, problem solving, memory, moral development, abstract thoughts.
Why do you need language development?
To communicate successfully.
Why do you need problem solving?
to create predictions of what to do next.
Why do you need memory?
to remember words, names, mistakes etc.
Why do you need moral development?
to know and discover what is wrong and what is right.
Why do you need abstract thoughts?
to put yourself in someone else's shoes - empathy.
What are the physical development milestones at infancy (0-2yo)?
4-6 months - sitting up
8-9 months - standing
9-10 months - cruising
10-12 months - walking
2 years - turn book pages,un/button clothes
What are the physical development milestones in early childhood (2-8yo)
2-3yo s- skip and jump
3-4yo - write own name
3-8yo - ride a bike
4-5yo - join up writing
4 yo - hop on one foot
5-8yo - run
What are the 4 cognitive development stages of Piaget's model?
What is a schema?
A packet of knowledge that you have in your memory.
What is equilibrium?
The understanding of the world around you and everything makes sense.
Define emotional literacy
The ability to recognise, understand and express emotion.
Putting yourself in someone else's shoes or being able to feel what others feel.
A bond or connection between individuals eg. primary caregiver and child.
Define self image
It is how you view yourself.