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1

______ is the biological drive to find and eat food and is regulated by internal mechanisms underlying metabolism

Hunger

2

________ is the psychological drive to eat and is influenced by external factors such as environment social customs, etc.

Appetite

3

_______ is a state in which there is a temporary feeling of satisfaction with no desire to eat

Satiety

4

_______ and ______ centers of the brain maintain nutrient availability in our body

Feeding and satiety

5

What is nutrition?

The science that links. Foods to health and disease

6

Nutrition includes the processes by which the human organism _______, _______, ________, _____ and ______ food substances

Ingests, digests, absorbs, tranpsort and excretes food substances

7

Foods provide _____ and _____

Energy and nutrients

8

What are the 3 characteristics an essential nutrient?

1) it has a specific biological function

2) removing it from the diet leads to decline in human biological function

3) adding the missing nutrient back to the diet before permanent damage occurs restores those biological functions impaired by its absence

9

What are the quidelines of nutrition?

Focus on variety, nutrient densit and amount

10

What are the 3 functions of nutrients?

Provide energy

Promote growth, development and maintenance

Regulate biochemical processes

11

What are the 6 classes of nutrients?

Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Vitamins
Minerals
Water

12

What classes of nutrients provide energy?

Lipids and carbohydrates
Proteins in times of starvation

13

What sources fo nutrients promote growth, devleopment and maintenance?

Proteins and lipids
Water
Some vitamins and minerals

14

What sources of nutrients regulate biochemical processes?

Proteins
Water
Some lipids,vitamins and minerals

15

________ are nutrients needed in gram quantities in the diet

_______ are nutrients need in milligram or microgram quantiteis in the diet

Macronutrients

Micronutrients

16

What are examples of macronutrients?

Water
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Protein
Fiber

17

What are examples of micronutrients?

Vitamins and minerals

18

There are ____ essential nutrients: ___ families

42
6

19

What is the essential carb?

Glucose

20

What are the essential lipids? (2)

Linoleic acid (omega-6)
Alpha-linolenic acid (omega 3)

21

What are the 9 essential amino acids?

Histidine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, methionine, threonine, tryptophan and valine

HILK MFW TV
(Single letter abbreviations)

22

What are the two categories of vitamins?

Water-soluble and lipid soluble

23

What are the essential water soluble vitamins?

B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, folate and ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

24

What are the full names of the following water soluble vitamins?
B1
B2
B3
B5
B6
B7
C

B1: thiamine
B2: riboflavin
B3: Niacin
B5: pantothenic acid
B6: pyridoxine
B7: biotin
C: ascorbic acid

25

What are the essential lipid soluble vitamins?

Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K

26

What are the full names of the following lipid-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K?

A: retinoids -al, -ol, oic acid

D: calcitriol or calciferol

E: tocopherols

K: quinone

27

What are the 7 essential major minerals ( greater than 100mg/day)?

Calcium
Phosphorus
Magnesium
Sulfur
Sodium
Potassium
Chloride

28

What are the 8 essential trace minerals?

Iron
Zinc
Manganese
Molybdenum copper
Selenium
Iodide
Chromium
fluoride

29

There are ____ essential vitamins (number)

There are _____ essential minerals (number)

13 essential vitamins

16 essential minerals

30

______ are inorganic and never cell made

Minerals