Unit 1: Native Americans Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1: Native Americans Deck (30)
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1

Ice Age

Period during which low temperatures caused large areas of Earth's water to freeze

2

glacier

Thick sheets of ice that covered the Earth's surface during the Ice Age

3

migrate

to move from one area to another

4

artifact

object made by people in the past

5

ceremony

activity done for a special purpose

6

archaeologist

scientist who studies the artifacts of people who lived long ago and draws conclusions from them

7

mesa

high, flat land form that rises steeply from the land around it

8

theory

one possible explanation of something

9

drought

long period without rain

10

surplus

more than needed

11

pyramid

building with three or more sides shaped like triangles that slant toward a point at the top

12

tribute

payment a ruler demands from people he or she rules

13

civilization

culture with organized systems of government, religion, and learning

14

specialize

focus on one particular product, activity, or job

15

empire

large group of lands and peoples ruled by one leader

16

slavery

practice of owning people and forcing them to work

17

Pueblo

Spanish word for village

18

potlatch

Native American celebration in which the hosts give gifts to their guests.

19

totem pole

wooden post carved with animals or other images; often used to honor ancestors or special events

20

Cultural Region

area in which people with similar culture live

21

tribe

a group of families bound together under a single leadership

22

Shaman

Native American doctor or healer

23

tepee

a dwelling built by the Plains Native Americans, made of poles arranged in a circle covered by buffalo hides

24

powwow

Native American ceremony that often includes traditional dancing and games

25

travois

sled made of poles tied together; used to transport goods

26

lodge

large, round hut built by Plains Native Americans

27

wampum

belts or sting of polished seashells that were used for trading and gift-giving by Iroquois and other Native Americans

28

Longhouse

building used for shelter by Iroquois

29

League

union of people or groups

30

Reservation

land set aside by the United States government for Native Americans