Unit 4: Road to Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4: Road to Revolution Deck (30)
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1

Townshend Acts

laws calling for a tax on imported goods

2

Tariff

a tax on imported goods

3

Stamp Act

law that placed a tax on printed materials in the colonies

4

Repeal

to cancel

5

Patriot

a colonist who opposed British rule

6

Battle of Bunker Hill

important revolutionary battle that took place on Breed's Hill

7

Tea Act

law that allowed only one company to sell tea to the colonists

8

Intolerable Acts

new laws dictated by Britain to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party

9

Sons of Liberty

group that lead protests against the new Stamp Act tax

10

militia

a volunteer army

11

Parliament

Britain's law-making assembly

12

minutemen

militia groups who could be ready to fight for their colony at only a minute's notice

13

American Revolution

a war Americans fought for Independence

14

Boston Tea Party

when colonists dumped tea into Boston Harbor to protest the Tea Act.

15

Boycott

refuse to buy goods

16

Boston Massacre

the killing of five men in Boston by panicked British soldiers

17

Committee of Correspondence

communication system to share information between the colonies about local events

18

Intolerable Acts

laws that punished colonist for dumping tea into the Boston Harbor

19

Loyalist

colonists who remained loyal to King George and the British government

20

First Continental Congress

Representatives from each colony but Georgia met to to vote on what actions should be taken against the British and their taxes.

21

Daughters of Liberty

Women who supported the boycott of imported goods by making tea from herbs and berries and by weaving cloth

22

Second Continental Congress

second meeting of American leaders who made decisions for the colonies and formed a Continental Army

23

Continental Army

an army with soldiers from all 13 colonies; formed by the Second Continental Congress

24

Olive Branch Petition

a petition from Congress to King George III that asked for more freedom for the colonists to govern themselves.

25

Declaration of Independence

a document stating why the colonists wanted independence

26

Traitor

a person who works against his or her country

27

Green Mountain Boys

Patriot soldiers from Vermont, lead by Ethan Allen

28

Mercenary

a soldier from one country paid to fight for another country

29

Battle of Saratoga

a battle fought between the Americans and the British; turning point of the American Revolution

30

Treaty of Paris

the treaty that officially ended the American Revolution; Great Britain recognized the United States of America as an independent nation.