Unit 2: Exploration Flashcards Preview

5CCE Social Studies > Unit 2: Exploration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2: Exploration Deck (21)
Loading flashcards...
1

Magnetic Compass

a Chinese invention that aided navigation by showing which direction was north

2

caravan

a group of traders traveling together

3

navigation

science used by sailors to plot their course and determine their location

4

Renaissance

period in Europe, beginning about 1350 during which there was a new desire to learn about the arts, sciences, and other parts of the world

5

saga

long, spoken tale repeated b the Vikings from one generation to the next

6

astrolobe

navigational tool that helped sailors use the sun and stars to find their way

7

merchant

people who buy and sell goods for a living

8

silk road

a network of trade routes between China and other lands

9

expedition

a journey made for a specific purpose

10

conquistador

a Spanish conqueror

11

convert

to change

12

colony

a settlement far from the country that rules it

13

ally

a friend who will help in a fight

14

colonist

a person who lives in a colony

15

plantation

a large farm with workers who live on the land they work

16

Columbian Exchange

the movement of people, animals, diseases, plants, and ways of life between the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere

17

conquest

the capture or taking of something by force

18

society

a group of people forming a community

19

mission

a religious settlement where missionaries live and work

20

missionary

person who teaches his or her religion to others who have different beliefs

21

encomienda

a grant given by the king of Spain to wealthy settlers in New Spain. Gave settlers control of Native Americans living on areas of land