Unit 10 Nervous System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 10 Nervous System Deck (166):
1

a-

no
not
without

2

acr/o

top

3

agor/a

market place

4

-algia

pain

5

ambu/o

walk

6

an-

no
not
without

7

caus/o

burning
burn

8

-cele

tumor
hernia
swelling

9

cephal/o

head

10

concuss/o

shaken together
violently agitated

11

contus/o

bruise

12

-dural

pertaining to dura mater

13

ech/o

sound

14

-ectomy

surgical removal

15

encephal/o

brain

16

epi-

above
upon
on

17

-esthesia

sensation
feeling

18

-graphy

the process of producing a picture or record

19

hemat/o

blood

20

hydr/o

relating to water

21

hyper-

excessive
increased

22

-iatrist

specialist

23

-ion

action
process
state or condition

24

-ism

condition
state of

25

-ist

person who practices
specialist

26

-itis

inflammation

27

klept/o

to steal

28

-lepsy

seizure

29

-mania

obsessive preoccupation

30

mening/o

membranes
meninges

31

myel/o

spinal cord
bone marrow

32

narc/o

numbness
stupor

33

neur/i
neur/o

nerve
nerve tissue

34

-ologist

specialist

35

-oma

tumor
neoplasm

36

-osis

abnormal condition
disease

37

-otomy

surgical incision

38

par-

beside
near
abnormal opposite

39

-phasia

speak
speech

40

-phobia

abnormal fear

41

-plasty

surgical repair

42

poli/o

gray matter of brain and spinal cord

43

psych/o

mind

44

pyr/o

fever
fire

45

radicul/o

nerve root

46

-rrhaphy

surgical suturing

47

somn/o

sleep

48

sub-

under
less
below

49

thalam/o

thalamus
inner room

50

fear of being in a narrow or enclosed spaces

claustrophobia

51

a sense perception with no basis in external stimulation

hallucination

52

suffix meaning sensation or feeling

-esthesia

53

violent shaking up or jarring of the brain

concussion

54

combining form meaning spinal cord and bone marrow

myel/o

55

an abnormal sensation such as burning or prickling

paresthesia

56

a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities

dementia

57

an acute condition of confusion and agitation

delirium

58

inflammation of the brain

encephalitis

59

a condition of excessive sensitivity to stimuli

hyperesthesia

60

a false personal belief

delusion

61

inflammation of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord

meningitis

62

medical activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory

cognition

63

a physician who specializes in administering anesthesia

anesthesiologist

64

inflammation of the sciatic nerve

sciatica

65

recurring episodes of falling asleep during the day

narcolepsy

66

also known as a seizure disorder

epilepsy

67

a psychotic disorder characterized by withdrawal from reality

schizophrenia

68

also known as fainting

syncope

69

a lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness and drowsiness

lethargy

70

also known as a developmental reading disorder

dyslexia

71

deep state of unconsciousness

coma

72

an inflammation of the spinal cord

myelitis

73

type of stroke that is also known as a bleed

hemorrhagic

74

combining form meaning brain

encephalo

75

-tropic

having an affinity for

76

the space between two neurons or between a neuron and a receptor is known as a

synapse

77

the white protective covering over some nerve cells is the what

myelin sheath
(axon)

78

what are the root-like structures of a nerve that receive impulses and conduct them to the cell body?

dendrites

79

what is the layer of the meninges that is located nearest the brain and spinal cord?

pia mater

80

what is the layer of the meninges that lines the inner surface of the skull?

dura mater

81

seven vital body functions are controlled by the what

hypothalamus

82

what nervous system is the division of the autonomic nervous system that is concerned with body functions

sympathetic

83

what is a network of intersecting nerves, blood, and lymphatic vessels?

plexus

84

what nervous system are cranial nerves apart of?

peripheral

85

what relays sensory stimuli from the spinal cord and midbrain to the cerebral cortex?

thalamus

86

the ____ neurons carry impulses away from the brain and spinal cord

efferent
(motor neurons)

87

connects the brain and spinal cord

brainstem

88

controls vital body functions

hypothalamus

89

coordinates muscular activity

cerebellum

90

most protected brain part

medulla

91

uppermost layer of the brain

cerebrum

92

what is responsible for the highest level of thoughts? divided into lobes

cerebrum

93

what does the brainstem consist of?

medulla
pons
spinal cord

94

what lobe helps control motor and functions?

frontal

95

a physician who specializes in administering anesthetic agents is a

anesthesiologist

96

what is a profound state of unconsciousness marked by the absence of spontaneous eye movements, no response to painful stimuli, and the lack of speech?

coma

97

what drug is also known as a minor tranquilizer?

anxiolytic

98

what is a sense perception that has no basis in external stimulation?

hallucination

99

an excessive fear of heights is known as what

acrophobia

100

what headache is characterized by throbbing pain on one side of the head usually with an aura?

migraine

101

what is a group disorders involving parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language.

alzheimers disease

102

a medication that is administered to block the normal sensation of pain is called what

anesthetic

103

*a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures of varying severity

epilepsy

104

*a nerve inflammation that may result in pain through the thigh and leg

sciatic

105

types of seizers

grand mal
petit mal
jacksonian

106

CP

cerebral palsy

107

CVA

cerebral vascular accident

108

OCD

obsessive compulsive disorder

109

PTSD

posttraumatic stress disorder

110

TIA

transient ischemic attack

111

LP

lumbar puncture
(subarachnoid)

112

TBI

traumatic brain injury

113

what is cerebral palsy?

injury before, after, or during birth where the baby doesn't get any oxygen

114

how many causes does cerebrovascular accident have?

2

115

what are the causes of cerebrovascular accident?

ischemic stroke
hemorrhagic stroke

116

what is cerebrovascular accident also known as?

stroke

117

what is an ischemic stroke?

blockage of a vessel where there is no oxygen received

118

what is a hemorrhagic stroke?

blood flow is disrupted

119

what is a transient ischemic attack also known as?

mini-stroke

120

the acute condition caused by a high fever that is characterized by confusion, disorientation, disordered thinking, agitation, and hallucinations is known as

delirium

121

the term meaning inflammation of the spinal cord is ______. this term also means inflammation of bone marrow.

myelitis

122

the medical term meaning an abnormal fear of being in narrow or enclosed spaces is

claustrophobia

123

the condition that is characterized by severe lightning-like pain due to an inflammation of the fifth cranial nerve is

trigeminal neuralgia

124

the medical term for the condition also known as a developmental reading disorder

dyslexia

125

what is autism

inability to develop normal social skills

126

what is bruising of the brain tissue as a result of a head injury?

cerebral contusion

127

the mental conditions characterized by excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations or fear that is out of proportion to the real danger in a situation are known as

anxiety disorder

128

the disorder characterized by repeated, deliberate fire setting

pyromania

129

what disorder is a condition in which an individual acts as if he or she has a physical or mental illness when he or she is not really sick

factitious

130

what drug is administered to treat severe mental disorders including schizophrenia and mania

antipsychotic

131

the medication used to induce the loss of normal sensation, especially sensitivity to pain

anesthetic

132

commonly known as sleepwalking

somnambulism

133

the process of recording the electrical activity of the brain through the use of electrodes attaches to the scalp

electroencephalography

134

the use of ultrasound imaging to diagnose a shift in the middle structures of the brain

echoencephalography

135

a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord that may result in paralysis

poliomyelitis

136

true or false?
hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks

true

137

true or false?
arachnophobia is an excessive fear of spiders

true

138

true or false?
a sedative is administered to prevent the seizures associated with epilepsy

false

139

true or false?
a patient in a persistent vegetative state sleeps through the night and is awake during the day

false

140

true or false?
a psychotropic drug acts primarily on the central nervous system where it produces temporary changes affecting the mind, emotions, and behavior.

true

141

what is administered to prevent the seizures associated with epilepsy?

anti-convulsive

142

mood shifts from highs to severe lows that affect his mood, energy, and ability to function. this condition is known as what

bipolar disorder

143

when getting into a car accident and hit their head paramedics worry about the jarring of the brain which is known as what

concussion

144

TIA is known as what. also a warning of an impending stroke

transient ischemic attack

145

surgical incision into the thalamus

thalamotomy

146

autoimmune disease that is characterized by patches if demyelinated nerve fibers that progressive

multiple sclerosis

147

inability to sleep

insomnia

148

after a stroke, someone cannot understand written or spoken words. this is called what

aphasia

149

when fainting; what is the medical term for the brief loss of consciousness caused by a lack of oxygen in the brain

syncope

150

an abnormally increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid within the brain

hydrocephalus

151

a collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the brain caused by a head injury is known as what

cranial hematoma

152

persistent severe burning pain that usually follows an injury to sensory nerve is known as what

causalgia

153

the classification of drug that suppresses the central nervous system and usually produces sleep is known as

hypnotic

154

a _____ disorder is characterized by serious temporary or ongoing changes in function, such as paralysis or blindness, which are triggered by psychological factors rather than by any physical cause

conversion

155

during childbirth, ________ anesthesia is administered to numb the nerves from the uterus and birth passage without stopping labor

epidural

156

a rapidly progressive neurological disease that attacks the nerve cells responsible for controlling voluntary muscles

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
(lugaretes)

157

term meaning any disease or disorders of a nerve or nerves

neuropathy

158

abnormal softening of the meninges

meningomalacia

159

a benign neoplasm made up of nerve tissue

neuroma

160

any degenerative disease of the brain

encephalopathy

161

an inflammation affecting many nerves

polyneuritis

162

abnormal softening of nerve tissue

neuromalacia

163

inflammation of the meninges and the brain

meningoencephalitis

164

any pathological condition of the spinal cord

myelopathy

165

abnormal softening of the brain

encephalomalacia

166

inflammation of the meninges, brain, and spinal cord

meningoencephalomyelitis