UNIT 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in UNIT 9 Deck (151):
0

-algia

Pain

1

an-

No
Not
Without

2

-cele

Hernia
Tumor
Swelling

3

chrom/o

Color

4

cyst/o

Urinary bladder

5

dia-

Through
Between
Apart
Complete

6

diur/o
Diuret/o

Increase urine output

7

dys-

Bad
Painful
Difficult

8

-ectasis

Stretching
Dilation
Enlargement

9

-ectomy

Surgical removal

10

-emia

Blood

11

-esis

Abnormal condition
Disease

12

Glomerul/o

Glomerulus

13

-gram

A picture or record

14

-graphy

The process of producing a picture or record

15

hem/o

Blood

16

home/o

Unchanging
Constant

17

hydr/o

relating to water

18

hypo-

decreased

19

-itis

inflammation

20

lith/o

stone
calculus

21

-lithiasis

presence of stones

22

-lysis

breakdown
setting free
loosening

23

nephr/o

kidney

24

olig/o

scanty
few

25

-ologist

specialist

26

-osis

abnormal condition
disease

27

-ostomy

surgically creating an opening

28

-otomy

surgical incision

29

para-

beside
near
beyond
abnormal
opposite

30

-pathy

disease

31

-pexy

surgical fixation

32

-plasty

surgical repair

33

poly-

many

34

pyel/o

renal pelvis

35

ren/o

kidney

36

-rrhagia

bleeding

37

-rrhea

flow
discharge

38

-scopy

visual examination

39

-stasis

control
maintain
constant

40

-stenosis

abnormal narrowing

41

-tic

pertaining to

42

-tripsy

to crush

43

ureter/o

ureter

44

urethr/o

urethra

45

urin/o
-uria
ur/o

urine

46

vesic/o

urinary bladder

47

anuria

absence of urine formation by the kidneys

48

cystitis

inflammation of the bladder

49

cystectomy

surgical removal of all or part of the urinary bladder

50

cystocele

a hernia of the bladder through the vaginal wall

51

cystopexy

surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall

52

cystorrhagia

bleeding from the bladder

53

dialysis

a procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys no longer function

54

diuresis

increased excretion of urine

55

dysuria

difficult or painful urination

56

enuresis

involuntary discharge of urine during sleep

57

hydroureter

distention of the ureter with urine, due to blockage from any cause

58

lithotripsy

the destruction of a kidney stone with the use of ultrasonic waves traveling through water

59

nephrectomy

surgical removal of a kidney

60

nephrectasis

distention of a kidney

61

nephrolithiasis

a disorder characterized by the presence of stones in the kidney

62

nocturia

excessive urination during the night

63

nephromalacia

abnormal softening of the kidney

64

nephroptosis

prolapse of the kidney

65

oliguria

scanty urination

66

pyelitis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

67

pyelotomy

a surgical incision into the renal pelvis

68

polyuria

excessive urination

69

urethrorrhea

an abnormal discharge from the urethra

70

ureterectasis

distention of a ureter

71

ureterolith

a stone lodged in a ureter

72

nephropyosis

suppuration of the kidney

73

ureterorrhaphy

to suture a ureter

74

urethropexy

surgical fixation of the urethra usually for the correction of the urinary stress incontinence

75

urine is carried from the kidneys to the urinary bladder by the what?

ureters

76

a stone in the urinary bladder is known as a

cystolith

77

the increased output of urine is known as

diuresis

78

before entering the ureters, where is urine collected?

renal pelvis

79

urine leaves the bladder through the what?

urethra

80

urine gets its normal yellow-amber or straw color from the pigment known as

urochrome

81

in the male, what carries both semen and urine?

urethra

82

what is a specialist who treats the genitourinary system of males called?

urologist

83

in ____, the urethral opening is on one side of the penis

paraspadias

84

what term describes treatment in which a body part is removed or its function is destroyed? this type of procedure is frequently used to treat prostate cancer

ablation

85

the opening through which urine leaves the body is called what

urethral meatus

86

the portion of a nephron that is active in filtering urine

glomerulus

87

the outer layer of the kidney

renal cortex

88

the tube from the bladder to the outside of the body

urethra

89

the tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the bladder

ureters

90

a surgical incision into the renal pelvis is known as what

pyelotomy

91

the discharge of blood from the ureter is known as what

ureterorrhagia

92

the term meaning excessive urination is

polyuria

93

the term meaning inflammation of the bladder

cystitis

94

the major waste product of protein metabolism

urea

95

a ____ tumor is a malignant tumor of the kidney that occurs in children

wilms

96

being unable to control excretory functions is known as

incontinence

97

the process of withdrawing urine from the bladder is known as

catheterization

98

_____ exercises are a series of pelvic muscle exercises used to strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor to control urinary stress incontinence

kegel

99

a _____ fistula is an abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina

vesicovaginal

100

BPH

benign prostatic hypertrophy

101

ESRD

end-stage renal disease

102

ESWL

extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy

103

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

104

OAB

overactive bladder

105

GU

genitourinary

106

GI

gastrointestinal

107

TURP

transurethral resection prostatectomy

108

KUB

kidneys, ureters, and bladder

109

the absence of urine formation by the kidneys is known as

anuria

110

the surgical suturing of the bladder is known as what

cystorrhaphy

111

the term meaning the freeing of a kidney from adhesions is

nephrolysis

112

the term meaning scanty urination

oliguria

113

the process of artificially filtering waste products from the patients blood is known as what

hemodialysis

114

an inflammation of the urinary bladder that is localized in the region of the trigone is known as what

trigonitis

115

the condition of having a stone lodged in a ureter is known as

ureterolithiasis

116

the placement of a catheter into the bladder through a small incision made through the abdominal wall just above the pubic bone is known as what

suprapubic catheterization

117

the surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall is

cystopexy

118

a ___ ____ of the prostate (TURP) is the removal of all or part of the prostate through the urethra

transurethral resection

119

T/F
stress incontinence is the inability to control the voiding of urine under physical stress such as running, sneezing, laughing, or coughing

true

120

T/F
prostatism is a malignancy of the prostate gland

false

121

T/F
urethrorrhea is bleeding from the urethra

false

122

T/F
renal colic is an acute pain in the kidney area that is caused by blockage during the passage of a kidney stone

true

123

T/F
acute renal failure has sudden onset and is characterized by uremia.

true

124

Mr. Baldridge suffers from excessive urination during the night. the medical term for this is

nocturia

125

Rosita LaPinta inherited ____ kidney disease. these cysts slowly reduce the kidney function, and this eventually leads to kidney failure.

polycistic

126

Doris Volk has a chronic bladder condition involving inflammation within the wall of the bladder. this is known as ____.

interstitial cystitis

127

John Danielson has an enlarged prostate gland. this caused narrowing of the urethra, which is known as _____.

urethrostenosis

128

Norman Smith was born with the opening of the urethra on the upper surface of the penis. this is known as ____.

epispadias

129

Henry Wong"s kidneys failed. he is being treated with ____ _____ which involves the removal of waste from his blood through a fluid exchange in the abdominal cavity.

peritoneal dialysis

130

Roberta Gridley is scheduled for a surgical repair of damage to the ureter. this procedure is a ____.

ureteroplasty

131

when Larry's __________ ______ blood test showed a very high PSA level, his physician was concerned about the possibility of prostate cancer.

prostate- specific antigen

132

Dr. Morita's patient was diagnosed as having _______, which is also known as Bright's disease. this is a type of kidney disease caused by inflammation of the glomeruli that causes red blood cells and proteins to leak into the urine.

glomerulonephritis

133

Mrs. Franklin describes her condition as a floating kidney. the medical term for this condition, in which there is a downward displacement of the kidney, is ______.

nephroptosis

134

acute renal failure has sudden onset and is characterized by____. this condition can be caused by many factors, including a sudden drop in blood volume or blood pressure due to injury or surgery.

uremia

135

the term ______ ______ is urinary incontinence during sleep.

nocturnal enuresis

136

the term meaning the distention of the ureter is _____.

ureterectasis

137

the presence of abnormally low concentrations of protein in the blood is known as _____.

hypoproteinemia

138

a specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the kidneys is a _____.

nephrologist

139

the creation of an artificial opening between the urinary bladder and the exterior of the body is a

cystostomy

140

a surgical incision into the kidney is a

nephrotomy

141

abnormal hardening of the kidney is known as

nephrosclerosis

142

prolapse of the bladder into the urethra is known as

cystoptosis

143

a hernia in the urethral wall is a

urethrocele

144

the procedure to separate adhesions around a ureter is a

ureterolysis

145

abnormal softening of the kidney is known as

nephromalacia

146

inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney is known as

pyelonephritis

147

rupture of the urinary bladder is known as

cystorrhexis

148

the surgical repair of the bladder is a

cystoplasty

149

pyelonephritis is caused by what

bacterial infection

150

nephrotic syndrome

hyperproteinuria
hypoproteinemia
anuria
edema