UNIT 7! Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in UNIT 7! Deck (111):
0

a-

No
Without
Negative

1

-algia

Pain

2

Alveol/o

Alveolus
Air sac
Small sac

3

an-

No without

4

Anthrac/o

Coal
Coal dust

5

Atel/o

Incomplete
Imperfect

6

brady-

Slow

7

Bronch/o
Bronchi/o

Bronchus
Bronchial tube

8

Cyan/o

Blue

9

dys-

Bad
Painful

10

-ectasis

Stretching
Dilation
Enlargement

11

-ectomy

Surgical removal

12

-epiglott/o

Epiglottis

13

eu-

Good
Normal
Easy
Well

14

hem/o

Blood

15

hyper-

Increased

16

hypo-

Decreased

17

-ia

Abnormal condition

18

-ic

Pertaining to

19

-itis

Inflammation

20

laryng/o

Larynx
Throat

21

lob/i
lob/o

Lobe

22

-metry

To measure

23

nas/o

Nose

24

-ologist

Specialist

25

-osis

Abnormal condition
Disease

26

-ostomy

Surgically creating an opening

27

-otomy

Surgical incision

28

ox/i
ox/o
ox/y

Oxygen

29

Pharyng/o

Throat
Pharynx

30

phon/o

Sound

31

phren/o

Diaphragm

32

-plasty

Surgical repair

33

-plegia

Paralysis
Stroke

34

pleur/o

Pleura
Side of body

35

-pnea

Breathing

36

pneum/o
pneumu
pneu-

Lung
Air

37

-ptysis

Spitting

38

pulm/o
pulmon/o

Lung

39

rhin/o

Nose

40

-rrhagia

Bleeding

41

-rrhaphy

Surgical suturing

42

-rrhea

Flow or discharge

43

-scopy

Visual examination

44

Sept/o

Infection
Partition

45

Sinus/o

Sinus

46

-spasm

Sudden involuntary contraction
Tightening
Cramping

47

Spir/o

To breath

48

-stoma

Mouth
Oral cavity

49

Tachy-

Fast
Rapid

50

Thorac/o
-thorax

Chest

51

Trache/o

Trachea
Windpipe

52

Where is the heart, aorta, esophagus, and trachea located?

Mediastinum

53

What acts as a lid over the entrance to the trachea?

Epiglottis

54

What is the innermost layer of the pleura known as?

Visceral pleura

55

What sinuses are located just above the eyes?

Frontal

56

What are the smallest divisions of the bronchial tree ?

Bronchioles

57

During respiration, the exchange of gases takes place through the walls of the what?

Alveoli

58

What term means spitting blood or blood-stained sputum?

Hemoptysis

59

Black lung disease is the lay term for what?

Anthracosis

60

What term means abnormally rapid rate of respiration?

Tachypnea

61

The term meaning any voice impairment is what?

Dysphonia

62

First division of the pharynx

Nasopharynx

63

Second division of the pharynx

Oropharynx

64

Third division of the pharynx

Laryngopharynx

65

Voice box

Larynx

66

Windpipe

Trachea

67

The exchange of gases within the cells of the body is known as what?

Internal respiration

68

What is the term that describes the lung disease caused by cotton dust?

Byssinosis

69

What form of pneumonia that can be prevented through vaccinations?

Bacterial pneumonia

70

What term is commonly known as shortness of breath?

Dyspnea

71

The emergency procedure to gain access below a blocked airway is known as what?

Tracheotomy

72

The thick mucus secreted by the tissues that lines the respiratory passages is called what?

Phlegm

73

What is the medical term meaning an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity?

Empyema

74

What is the medical name for the disease commonly known as whooping cough is known as?

Pertussis

75

What nerve stimulates the diaphragm and causes it to contract?

Phrenic

76

What is administered to prevent or relieve coughing?

Antitusside

77

ARDS

Acute respiratory distress syndrome

78

CF

Cystic fibrosis

79

FESS

Functional endoscopic sinus surgery

80

SIDS

Sudden infant death syndrome

81

URI

Upper respiratory infection

82

Inhaling a foreign substance into the upper respiratory tract can cause what pneumonia ?

Aspiration

83

What term means abnormally rapid deep breathing?

Hyperventilation

84

What term means the surgical repair of the trachea?

Tracheoplasty

85

When is the diaphragm relaxed?

Exhalation

86

The chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing is known as what?

Asthma

87

What term means an absence of spontaneous respiration ?

Apnea

88

What is the sudden spasmodic bleeding from the lungs called?

Pneumorrhagia

89

What is the term meaning pain in the pleura or in the side ?

Pleuralgia

90

A contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut is known as what?

Bronchoconstriction

91

True or false?
A pulse oximeter is a monitor placed in the ear to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood.

False

92

True or false?
In atelectasis, the lung fails to expand because air cannot pass beyond the bronchioles that are blocked by secretions.

True

93

True or false?
Croup is an allergic reaction to airborne allergens.

False

94

True or false?
Hypoxemia is the condition of below-normal oxygenation of arterial blood.

True

95

True or false?
Emphysema is the progressive loss of lung function in which the chest sometimes assumes an enlarged barrel shape.

True

96

A genetic disorder in which the lungs are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus.

Cystic fibrosis

97

Surgical removal of a portion of the pleura is known as what

Pleurectomy

98

What is the term for a surgical repair of the larynx?

Laryngoplasty

99

A medication that is used during asthma attacks with inhalers that expands the opening of the passages into the lungs

Bronchodilator

100

What does a flu shot prevent?

Influenza

101

What is the medical term for a nose bleed?

Epistaxis

102

What is the diagnosis if someone who has an accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity?

Hemothorax

103

What surgery is conducted to correct damage to the septum of the nose?

Rhinoplasty

104

What is the medical term for inflammation of the bronchial walls?

Bronchitis

105

The procedure which puts a permanent placement of a breathing tube is called what?

Tracheostomy

106

What is inflammation of the pleura known as?

Pleurisy

107

The substance ejected through the mouth and used for diagnostic purposes in respiratory disorders is known as what?

Sputum

108

What is the term meaning a bluish discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen ?

Cyanosis

109

What is the medical term that means paralysis of the vocal bands?

Laryngoplegia

110

The pattern of alternating periods of rapid breathing, slow breathing, and the absence of breathing is known as what?

Cheyne-Stokes respiration