Unit 14f - Relative Pronouns Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 14f - Relative Pronouns Deck (11):
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The relative pronoun où often replaces dans lequel, sur lequel, and par lequel. Compare the following two sentences.

C’est la quincaillerie dans laquelle j’ai acheté ces outils.
C’est la quincaillerie où j’ai acheté ces outils.
It’s the hardware store where I bought these tools.
Both sentences are correct, although the use of où is more common in modern language.

1

The relative pronoun où often replaces dans lequel, sur lequel, and par lequel.

Je vais te décrire les pays par où je suis passée.
I’ll describe to you the countries through which I went.

2

If the antecedent expresses time, the relative pronoun où is used.

Le jour où ils se sont mariés, il pleuvait.
The day (when) they got married, it was raining.

3

If the antecedent expresses time, the relative pronoun où is used.

J’ai oublié l’année où il est mort.
I forget the year (when) he died.

4

If the antecedent expresses time, the relative pronoun où is used.

Le moment où elle a commencé à parler, tout le monde s’est tu.
The moment (when) she started to speak, everyone got quiet.

5

The relative pronoun dont functions as an object and can refer to people or things. It is used mostly to refer to objects of verbs or adjectives that are followed by the preposition de.

Il a déjà oublié le livre dont j’ai parlé.
He already forgot the book I talked about.

6

The relative pronoun dont functions as an object and can refer to people or things. It is used mostly to refer to objects of verbs or adjectives that are followed by the preposition de.

C’est le seul conférencier dont il se souvient.
He is the only lecturer he remembers.

7

The relative pronoun dont functions as an object and can refer to people or things. It is used mostly to refer to objects of verbs or adjectives that are followed by the preposition de.

C’est un édifice dont l’architecte est fier.
It’s a building the architect is proud of.

8

In modern French, dont often replaces duquel, de laquelle, desquels, desquelles.

La présentatrice dont je parle, est canadienne.
The anchorwoman I am talking about is Canadian.

9

Dont is also used to express whose, of whom, of which. After dont, the word order is subject + verb + object.

Une archéologue dont j’ai rencontré la fille à Paris m’a invité en Egypte. An archeologist whose daughter I met in Paris invited me to go to Egypt.

10

Dont is also used to express whose, of whom, of which. After dont, the word order is subject + verb + object.

Elle a des collègues dont les enfants ont échoué à leurs examens.
She has colleagues whose children failed their exams.

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