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Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (49)
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1

What are Chemical Properties?

Reactivity
Synthetic Access
3D shape
Material Properties

2

What are the Physical properties of molecules?

Color and spectral properties
Melting point
Boiling point
Solubility
Partition coefficient
Biological properties
Toxicity
Ability to bind to a protein

3

What is A functional group?

A common and specific arrangement of atoms that impart predictable reactivity and properties to a molecule

4

What is an Alkane?

A type of hydrocarbon that only contain sigma bonds

5

What is the general formula for an Alkane?

CnH2n + 2

6

What does it mean for an Alkane to be Saturated?

They can no longer gain anymore hydrogen

7

What are the 6 hydrocarbon functional groups?

Alkenes
Alkynes
Aromatics
Cyclic Alkanes
Cyclic Alkene
Cumulenes

8

What is an Alkene?

A hydrocarbon containing double bonds

9

What is an Alkyne?

A hydrocarbon containing triple bonds

10

What is an Aromatic?

A hydrocarbon containing alternating double bonds

11

What is a Cyclic Alkane?

A hydrocarbon in a circle form with no double or triple bonds

12

What is a Cyclic Alkene?

A hydrocarbon that is kind of circular and contains double bonds

13

What is a Cumulene?

Cumulative 3 or more double bonds

14

What is a Heteroatom functional group?

A functional group that does not have exclusively C or H

15

What does the hydroxyl functional group look like?

-OH connected to an R group

16

What does the Amine functional group look like?

An N connected to 1 or more R groups

17

What does a Nitro group look like?

An positively charge N bonded to a charged Oxygen and another Oxygen double bonded and an R group

18

What is a Nitrile group?

A Carbon triple bonded to a nitrogen and an R groups

19

What is an Anhydride group?

An oxygen bonded to two separate carbons on each side and the carbons are double bonded to an Oxygen each which are each bonded to an R group

20

What is an Ether?

An Oxygen bonded to an R group on each side

21

What is a Ketone?

A carbon double bonded to an oxygen and two R groups

22

What is an Aldehyde?

A carbons double bonded to an oxygen and an H and and R group

23

What is a Carboxylic acid?

A carbon bonded to an -OH and and double bonded to an oxygen

24

What is an Ester?

A carbon that is bonded to an R group, a double bonded O, and another ago connected to an R group

25

What is an Amide?

A carbon double bonded to an O which is bonded to and NR and another R group

26

What is an Alkyl halide?

An R group bonded to a halide

27

What is a Primary Amine?

A nitrogen attached to 2 H’s and an R group

28

What is a Secondary Amine?

A nitrogen attached to two Carbons and one H

29

What is a Tertiary Amine?

A nitrogen attracted to 3 carbons and no H’s

30

What is a Quarternary amine?

An positively charged nitrogen connected to 4 carbons