Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (49)
What are Chemical Properties?
What are the Physical properties of molecules?
Color and spectral properties
Ability to bind to a protein
What is A functional group?
A common and specific arrangement of atoms that impart predictable reactivity and properties to a molecule
What is an Alkane?
A type of hydrocarbon that only contain sigma bonds
What is the general formula for an Alkane?
CnH2n + 2
What does it mean for an Alkane to be Saturated?
They can no longer gain anymore hydrogen
What are the 6 hydrocarbon functional groups?
What is an Alkene?
A hydrocarbon containing double bonds
What is an Alkyne?
A hydrocarbon containing triple bonds
What is an Aromatic?
A hydrocarbon containing alternating double bonds
What is a Cyclic Alkane?
A hydrocarbon in a circle form with no double or triple bonds
What is a Cyclic Alkene?
A hydrocarbon that is kind of circular and contains double bonds
What is a Cumulene?
Cumulative 3 or more double bonds
What is a Heteroatom functional group?
A functional group that does not have exclusively C or H
What does the hydroxyl functional group look like?
-OH connected to an R group
What does the Amine functional group look like?
An N connected to 1 or more R groups
What does a Nitro group look like?
An positively charge N bonded to a charged Oxygen and another Oxygen double bonded and an R group
What is a Nitrile group?
A Carbon triple bonded to a nitrogen and an R groups
What is an Anhydride group?
An oxygen bonded to two separate carbons on each side and the carbons are double bonded to an Oxygen each which are each bonded to an R group
What is an Ether?
An Oxygen bonded to an R group on each side
What is a Ketone?
A carbon double bonded to an oxygen and two R groups
What is an Aldehyde?
A carbons double bonded to an oxygen and an H and and R group
What is a Carboxylic acid?
A carbon bonded to an -OH and and double bonded to an oxygen
What is an Ester?
A carbon that is bonded to an R group, a double bonded O, and another ago connected to an R group
What is an Amide?
A carbon double bonded to an O which is bonded to and NR and another R group
What is an Alkyl halide?
An R group bonded to a halide
What is a Primary Amine?
A nitrogen attached to 2 H’s and an R group
What is a Secondary Amine?
A nitrogen attached to two Carbons and one H
What is a Tertiary Amine?
A nitrogen attracted to 3 carbons and no H’s