Unit 2 Vocab (1754-1780s) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 Vocab (1754-1780s) Deck (38):
1

French and Indian War

war fought for control of eastern North America between Britain and France, as well as Native American allies

2

Albany Congress

due to French threats on their western frontiers, delegates from 7 colonies gathered to discuss 2 goals: 1) to persuade Iroquois to abandon traditional neutrality and 2) to coordinate defenses of colonies

3

Pontiac's Rebellion

led by Ottowa chief Pontiac, opposed British expansion into the western Ohio Valley and began destroying British forts in the area

4

deism

belief that God has created the universe but remains apart from it

5

Ben Franklin

from MA, signed the DOI, traveled to France to ask for French support during the American Revolution, and helped write the Constitution

6

Proclamation of 1763

forbade all settlement past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains

7

Coercive (Intolerable) Acts

closed the port of Boston, banned all town meetings, and put General Thomas Gage as the new governor of the colony

8

Adam Smith "Wealth of Nations"

Argued that money in and of itself did not constitute wealth wealth but merely its marker, advocated laissez-faire

9

Samuel Adams

started sons of liberty, organized Boston Tea Party, signed DOI

10

"The Cause and Necessity of Taking Up Arms"

a declaration that said that if needed the colonist could take up guns but they were still loyal to Britain

11

Sugar Act

it increased duty on foreign sugar imported from the West Indies

12

Quartering Act

required that certain colonies provide food and quarters to the British troops

13

Stamp Act

Parliament required that revenue stamps be affixed to all colonial printed matter, documents, dice, and playing cards

14

Boston Massacre

incident in which British Army soldiers killed five male civilians and injured six others

15

Crispus Attucks

one of the first men to die in the Boston Massacre

16

Sons of Liberty

violent group that often took matters into its own hands

17

Committee of Correspondence

created by the American colonies in order to maintain communication with one another

18

Declaratory Act

repealed the Stamp Act, reaffirmed Parliament's right to "bind" the colonies

19

Gaspee incident

British boat that accidentally came into shore in RI a crowd from the town attacked, boarded and torched the ship

20

Townshend Acts

taxed lead, glass, paper, tea, and paint

21

Tea Act

British government imposes tax on colonies to help out East India Tea Co. monopoly

22

writs of assistance

allowed search warrants without cause to look for evidence of smuggling

23

Boston Tea Party

Bostonians, disguised as Indians, boarded the ships and dumped the tea into the sea

24

"Letters From a Farmer in PA"

protested the Townshend Acts, arguing that Parliament might regulate commerce and collect duties, but it had no right to levy taxes for revenue

25

Lexington and Concord

Gage sent troops to Concord to stop the colonists who were loading arms. The next day, the first shots were fired in Lexington, starting the war.

26

Bunker Hill

the first important battle of the Revolutionary war, the British had their worst casualties during this war, but still took control of the hill

27

1st Continental Congress

met in Philadelphia in order to redress colonial grievances over the Intolerable Acts

28

2nd Continental Congress

took on governmental duties and united all the colonies for the war effort. On July 4, 1776, they adopted the Declaration of Independence.

29

Olivia Branch Petition

colonies' final offer of peace to Britain, agreeing to be loyal to the British government if it addressed their grievances
- rejected by Parliament

30

Thomas Paine

published the bestseller Common Sense (sparked the spirit of independence)

31

Tories

colonials who were loyal to the king during the American Revolution

32

Valley Forge

site in Pennsylvania where George Washington and his Continental Army spent the winter, allowed them to regroup and retrain

33

1783 Treaty of Paris

ended American Rev, British recognized the independence of the United States and granted it generous boundaries

34

Declaration of Rights and Grievances

petition to the king, demanded the repeal of the Coercive Acts

35

Battle of Saratoga

Burgoyne sent an expedition to Bennington to capture American supplies and they later surrendered, turning point of the war + convinced France to aid the American cause

36

Paxton Boys

upset by disputes over western land, lead to the killing 20 peaceful indians

37

"virtual representation"

colonies and Ireland were represented in Parliament even though they didn't get to elect their representatives

38

non-importation agreements

agreements were the most effective form of protest against British policies in the colonies against things such as Stamp Act