Unit 4 Vocab (1810s-1840s) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4 Vocab (1810s-1840s) Deck (40):
1

"Cult of Domesticity"

women= stay at home and no work outside of home

2

2nd Great Awakening

religious movement which led to reform movements designed to remedy the evils of society

3

Whig Party

formed against Andrew Jackson
- liked bank of US, liked high tariffs and they wanted social reform

4

Samuel Slater

"Father of American Industrial Revolution"

5

Force Bill

authorized Jackson to use the army and navy to collect duties on the tariffs

6

Alexis de Tocqueville

french, his book discusses the advantage of democracy and consequences of the majority's unlimited power

7

Rush-Bagot treaty

demilitarization of the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain

8

Perfectionism

Americans believed perfection could be achieved so they did movements to make America perfect

9

Era of Good Feeling

name of president Monroe's two terms:
period of strong nationalism, economic growth, etc.

10

Jacksonian Democracy

the idea of spreading political power to the people, ensuring majority rule, "common man"

11

Henry Clay

supporter of the American System, senator from KY , a war hawk, known as the "Great Compromiser"

12

"nullification crisis"

declared federal tariffs were unconstitutional which made them "null and void" to SC

13

John C. Calhoun

VP under Andrew Jackson; he was an advocate of free trade, states' rights, limited gov.

14

Erie Canal

connected the Hudson River and the Great Lakes (1825)

15

National Road

first national road building project funded by Congress

16

Maysville Road veto

bill that was vetoed by Jackson because he disliked Clay

17

Monroe Doctrine

Europe shouldn't interfere in affairs within the US or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere

18

Nat Turner

led the most famous slave revolt in US history

19

Transcendentalism

liked to live a simple life and find nature

20

"pet banks"

state banks where Andrew Jackson put deposits to avoid the national banks

21

The Bank War

Jackson wanted to destroy the second bank in the US

22

Spoils System

method of appointing officials to the government based on connections rather than on impersonal measures of merit

23

Hayne-Webster debate

argument between Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne about states' right versus national power

24

Cotton gin

removed seeds from the cotton

25

Mormons (migration)

they were persecuted and migrated to western states

26

Horace Mann

developed public schools

27

Seneca Falls Convention

launched the women suffrage movement

28

Dorothea Dix

spoke against inhumane treatment of insane prisoners

29

Lowell, MA

factory town (Lowell Girls)

30

Texas Revolution

war between Texas settlers who tried to crush the Texas revolt

31

James K. Polk

president who was an opponent of manifest destiny, democrat

32

Bear Flag Revolt

a small group of American settlers in CA rebelled against the Mexican government and proclaimed CA an independent republic, short lived

33

Mexican Cession

historical name for the region of the Southwestern US that was ceded to the US by Mexico

34

Gadsden Purchase

the land the US bought create AZ and NM and was wanted to build a railroad

35

Missouri Compromise

Missouri= slave state
Maine= free state

36

Indian Removal Act

let Andrew Jackson negotiate land-exchange treaties w/ tribes living east of Miss.

37

American System

adoption of a high protective tariff and developing internal improvements to promote industry

38

Manifest Destiny

Americans felt that the US should expand from the Atlantic to Pacific Ocean, god-given right to the land

39

Nativism

favoring natives rather than immigrants

40

Know-Nothing Party

extend period of nationalization, keep illegal aliens out of the country