Flashcards in Unit 3.1.1 - Pathogens Deck (15)
What is the definition of a pathogen?
Microorganisms that enter the body and cause disease. triggering an immune response
What are three sub sections within pathogens?
Bacteria, virus and fungi
What are the three interfaces of the body which a pathogen has to get through one of?
The gas exchange system, the skin or the digestive system
Describe how the gas exchange system defends against pathogens?
There is a mucus lining the respiratory system which traps the pathogens, cilia will then beat and move the mucus up to the mouth where it can be removed
Describe how the skin defends against pathogens?
To prevent pathogens from entering through broken skin, blood clots will form and try to seal the wound
Describe how the digestive system defends against pathogens?
If you have eaten or drunken any pathogens they will be killed by the acidic conditions in the stomach
What are the two ways that pathogens can cause disease?
Produce toxins or by damaging host cells
What is a risk factor?
Anything that increases the chance of someone getting a particular disease
Name six risk factors associated with cancer?
2.) excessive exposure to sunlight
3.) excessive alcohol intake
4.) occupation (increased radiation exposure)
5.) some viral infections
Name six factors associated with coronary heart disease?
1.) poor diet (high salt and fat intake)
3.) high blood pressure
4.) lack of exercise
What is the incidence of a disease?
How often the disease occurs within a population
What is correlation?
Where two events or conditions are or appear to be linked
What is a casual relationship?
When there is a definitive factors that means one has control over the other
Correlation doesn't mean? any why?
A casual relationship because there could be other influencing factors which have caused this link