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Flashcards in unit 4 Deck (25)
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1

cell division

mitosis

2

harmless; does not require intervention

benign

3

cancer; serious- w/o intervention will lead to death

malignant cell growth

4

growth that causes tissue to increase in size by enlarging each cell

hypertrophy

5

growth that causes tissue to increase in size by increasing the number of cells

hyperplasia

6

any new or continued cell growth not needed for normal development or replacement of dead and damaged tissues

neoplasia

7

this protein keeps cells bound tightly together

fibronectin

8

amount of time needed for one cell to divide completely into 2 cells

generation time

9

proteins that promote cells to enter and complete cell division that are produced by oncogenes

cyclins

10

programmed cell death

apoptosis

11

normal chromosomes

euploidy

12

normal cells growing in the wrong place or at the wrong time

benign tumor cells

13

abnormal chromosomes

aneuploidy

14

spreading from the main tumor site to many other body sites

metastasize

15

2 names for cancer development

carcinogenesis & oncogenesis

16

process of changing a normal cell into a cancer cell

malignant transformation

17

original tumor also know as....

primary tumor

18

cancer cells that barely resemble the tissue from which they arose, are aggressive, and spread rapidly

"high-grade" cancer

19

viruses that can cause cancer

oncoviruses

20

use of strategies to prevent the actual occurrence of cancer

primary prevention

21

use of screening strategies to detect cancer early, at a time when cure or control is more likely

secondary prevention

22

develops its own blood supply

angiogenesis

23

tumors of glandular tissue

carcinomas

24

tumors of connective tissue

sarcomas

25

tumors of less differentiated, embryonal tissues

blastomas