Unit 4 - Pathogens that cause disease in plants and animals Flashcards Preview

LGS A-Level OCR Biology > Unit 4 - Pathogens that cause disease in plants and animals > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 4 - Pathogens that cause disease in plants and animals Deck (28)
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1
Q

What is the name of the pathogen responsible for tuberculosis?

A

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

2
Q

What is the name of the pathogen responsible for bacterial meningitus?

A

Neisseria meningitidis

3
Q

What is the name of the pathogen responsible for AIDS?

A

Human Immunodeficiency virus

4
Q

What is the name of the pathogen responsible for influenza?

A

Orthomyxovividae

5
Q

What is the name of the pathogen responsible for ring worm?

A

Trichophyton verrucosum

6
Q

What is the name of the pathogen responsible for Athlete’s foot?

A

Dermatophytes

7
Q

What is the name of the pathogen responsible for malaria?

A

Plasmodium falciparum

8
Q

How can bacteria be classified? (2 ways)

A
  • gram positive or negative

- shape

9
Q

What are the 4 types of pathogen?

A
  • bacteria
  • viruses
  • fungi
  • protocista
10
Q

Define pathogen

A

Microorganisms that cause disease

11
Q

Define communicable disease

A

A disease which can be passed from on organism to another, caused by pathogens

12
Q

What type of pathogen causes malaria?

A

Protocista

13
Q

What type of pathogen causes ring worm?

A

fungi

14
Q

What type of pathogen causes tuberculosis?

A

Bacteria

15
Q

What type of pathogen causes Athlete’s foot?

A

Fungi

16
Q

How is malaria transmitted?

A

Female anopheles mosquito, when an infected mosquito bites the host, the pathogen passes into the bloodstream

17
Q

How is TB transmitted?

A

Active TB in cough and sneeze droplets which are then inhaled

18
Q

How is AIDS transmitted?

A

-unprotected sex
-breastfeeding
-sharing infected needles
(sharing bodily fluids)

19
Q

How is influenza transmitted?

A

Coughs and sneezes

20
Q

How is ring worm transmitted?

A

fungal spores can live on skin and surfaces for months, human-human contact

21
Q

How is athlete’s foot transmitted?

A

through contaminated surfaces person to person

22
Q

How is bacterial meningitis transmitted?

A

Person to person

Via things such as coughing or kissing

23
Q

What type of plants are affected by black sigatoka?

A

Banana plants

24
Q

What type of plants are affected by ring rot?

A

Potatoes

25
Q

What type of plants are affected by tobacco mosaic virus?

A

Tobacco /tomato plants

26
Q

What type of pathogen causes black sigatoka?

A

Fungus

27
Q

What type of pathogen causes ring rot?

A

Bacteria

28
Q

Name 3 plants diseases

A

Black sigatoka
Ring rot
Tobacco Mosaic virus