Upper Extremity Origin and Insertion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Upper Extremity Origin and Insertion Deck (102):
1

Origin of Trapezius

Medial 1/3 of nuchal line
External occipital protuberance
Ligamentum nuchae
Spines and supraspinous ligaments from C7-T12

2

Insertion of Trapezius

Posterior Border of lateral 1/3 of clavicle
Acromion
Scapular Spine

3

Origin of Latissimus Dorsi

Spinous process of T7-T12
Thoracolumbar fascia
Posterior part of iliac crest
Inferior 3-4 ribs

4

Insertion of Latissimus Dorsi

Floor of intuberous sulcus (bicipital) of humerus

5

Origin of Levator Scapulae

Transverse processes of C1-C4

6

Insertion of Levator Scapulae

Medial scapular border between superior angle and end of scapular spine

7

Origin of Rhomboid Minor

Lower ligamentum nuchae

8

Insertion of Rhomboid Minor

Medial end of spine of scapula

9

Origin of Rhomboid Major

Spines of T2-T5 vertebrae

10

Insertion of Rhomboid Major

Medial border or scapula from spine to inferior angle

11

Origin of Deltoid

Lateral 1/3 of clavicle
Acromion
Spine of scapula

12

Insertion of Deltoid

Deltoid tiberosity

13

Origin of Teres Major

Inferior spacular spi÷ne

14

Insertion of Teres Major

Medial lip of intertubercular sulcus

15

Origin of Supraspinatous

Suprascapular fossa

16

Insertion of Supraspinatous

Superior facet of greater tubercle of humerus

17

Origin of Infraspinatous

Inferior scapular angle

18

Insertion of Infraspinatous

Medial facet of greater tubercle of humerus

19

Origin of Teres Minor

Upper 2/3 of lateral border of scapula

20

Insertion of Teres Minor

Inferior facet of greater tubercle of humerus

21

Origin of Subscapularis

Supscapular fossa

22

Insertion of Subscapularis

Lesser tubercle of humerus

23

Origin of Pectoralis Major

Medial half of clavicle
Sternum
Upper six costal cartilages

24

Insertion of Pectoralis Major

Lateral lip of intertubercular sulcus

25

Origin of Pectoralis Minor

Ribs 3-5

26

Insertion of Pectoralis Minor

Coracoid process

27

Origin of Subclavius

Rib 1

28

Insertion of Subclavius

Inferior clavicle

29

Origin of Serratus Anterior

Lateral regions of ribs 1-8

30

Insertion of Serratus Anterior

Anterior surface of medial border of scapula

31

Origin of Sternocleidomastoid

Manubrium sterni and medial portion of the clavicle

32

Insertion of Sternocleidomastoid

Mastoid process of the temporal bone
Superior nuchal line

33

Origin of Scalene

Cervical vertebrae (CII-CVII)

34

Insertion of Scalene

First and Second ribs

35

Origin of Biceps Brachii

Apex of coracoid process (short head)
Supraglenoid tubercle (long head)

36

Insertion of Biceps Brachii

Radial tuberosity (biceps tendon)
Deep fascia of anterior forearm (aponeurosis)

37

Origin of Coracobrachialis

Tip of coracoid process

38

Insertion of Coracobrachialis

Middle third of medial surface of humerus

39

Origin of Brachialis

Distal half of humerus

40

Insertion of Brachialis

Coronoid process of ulna

41

Origin of Triceps Brachii

Infraglenoid tubercle of scapula (long head)
Posterior surface of humeral shaft-blow radial groove (medial head)
Posterior surface of the humerus-above radial groove (lateral head)

42

Insertion of Triceps Brachii

Olecranon process of ulna via common tendon

43

Origin of Anconeous

Lateral epicondyle of humerus

44

Insertion of Anconeous

Lateral surface of olecranon
Superior part of posterior surface of ulna

45

Origin of Supinator

Lateral epicondyle of humerus
Radial collateral and annular ligaments
Supinator fossa
Crest of ulna

46

Insertion of Supinator

Lateral, Posterior, and Anterior surfaces of proximal 1/3 of radius

47

Origin of Pronator Teres

Medial epicondyle of humerus
Coronoid process of ulna

48

Insertion of Pronator Teres

Middle of lateral surface of radius

49

Origin of Pronator Quadratus

Distal 1/4 of anterior surface of ulna

50

Insertion of Pronator Quadratus

Distal 1/2 of anterior surface of radius

51

Origin of Palmaris Longus

Medial epicondyle of humerus

52

Insertion of Palmaris Longus

Distal half of flexor retinaculum
Palmar aponeurosis

53

Origin of Flexor Carpi Radialis

Medial epicondyle of humerus

54

Insertion of Flexor Carpi Radialis

Base of 2nd metacarpal

55

Origin of Flexor Carpi Ulnaris

Humeral head
Medial epicondyle of humerus
Ulnar head
Olecranon and posterior border of ulna

56

Insertion of Flexor Carpi Ulnaris

Pisiform bone
Hook of hamate bone
5th metacarpal base

57

Origin of Flexor Digitorum Superficialis

Humeroulnar head: medial epicondyle of humerus, ulnar collateral ligaments, coronoid process of ulna
Radial head: superior half of anterior border of radius

58

Insertion of Flexor Digitorum Superficialis

Bodies of middle phalanges of digits 2-5

59

Origin of Flexor Digitorum Profundus

Proximal 3/4 of medial and anterior surfaces of ulna and interosseous membrane

60

Insertion of Flexor Digitorum Profundus

Base of distal phalanx of digits 2-5

61

Origin of Flexor Pollicis Longus

Anterior surface of radius and adjacent interosseous membrane

62

Insertion of Flexor Pollicis Longus

Base of distal phalanx of thumb

63

Origin of Abductor Pollicis Brevis

Flexor retinaculum and tubercles of scaphoid and trapezium

64

Insertion of Abductor Pollicis Brevis

Lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of thumb

65

Origin of Brachioradialis

Proximal 2/3 of lateral supracondyle ridge of humerus

66

Insertion of Brachioradialis

Lateral surface of distal end of radius

67

Origin of Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis

Lateral epicondyle of humerus

68

Insertion of Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis

Base of 3rd metacarpal

69

Origin of Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus

Lateral supracondyle ridge of humerus

70

Insertion of Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus

Base of 2nd metacarpal

71

Origin of Extensor Digitorum: All medial four

Lateral epicondyle of humerus

72

Insertion of Extensor Digitorum: All medial four

Extensor expansions of medial four digits

73

Origin of Extensor Carpi Ulnaris

Lateral epicondyle of humerus
Posterior border of ulna

74

Insertion of Extensor Carpi Ulnaris

Base of 5th metacarpal

75

Origin of Extensor Digiti Minimi

Lateral epicondyle of humerus

76

Insertion of Extensor Digiti Minimi

Extensor expansion of 5th digit

77

Origin of Extensor Indices

Posterior surface of ulna and interosseous muscles

78

Insertion of Extensor Indices

Extensor expansion of 2nd digit

79

Origin Extensor Pollicis Brevis

Posterior surfaces of radius and interosseous membrane

80

Insertion of Extensor Pollicis Brevis

Base of proximal phalanx of thumb

81

Origin of Extensor Pollicis Longus

Posterior surface of middle 1/3 of ulna and interosseous membrane

82

Insertion of Extensor Pollicis Longus

Base of distal phalanx of thumb

83

Origin of Abductor Pollicis Brevis

Flexor retinaculum
Tubercles of scaphoid and trapezium

84

Insertion of Abductor Pollicis Brevis

Lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of thumb

85

Origin of Opponens Pollicis

Flexor retinaculum
Tubercles of scaphoid and trapezium

86

Insertion of Opponens Pollicis

Lateral side of 1st metacarpal

87

Origin of Flexor Pollicis Brevis

Flexor retinaculum
Tubercles of scaphoid and trapezius

88

Insertion of Flexor Pollicis Brevis

Lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of thumb

89

Origin of Abductor Digiti Minimi

Pisiform

90

Insertion of Abductor Digiti Minimi

Medical side of base of proximal phalanx of little finger

91

Origin of Flexor Digiti Minimi

Hook of hamate and flexor retinaculum

92

Insertion of Flexor Digiti Minimi

Medial side of base of proximal phalanx of little finger

93

Origin of Opponens Digiti Minimi

Hook of hamate and flexor retinaculum

94

Insertion of Opponens Digiti Minimi

Medial border or 5th metacarpal

95

Origin of Adductor Pollicis

Oblique head: bases of 2nd and 3rd metacarpals, capitate, and adjacent carpals
Transverse head: anterior surface of body of 3rd metacarpal

96

Insertion of Adductor Pollicis

Medial side of base of proximal phalanx of thumb

97

Origin of Interosseous Muscles (Palmar)

Palmar 1-3: Palmar surfaces of 2nd 4th, and 5th metacarpals (unipennate muscles)

98

Insertion of Inerosseous Muscles (Palmar)

Palmar 1-3: Extensor expansions of digits and bases of proximal phalanges of digits 2, 4, and 5

99

Origin of Lumbricals

Tendons of flexor digitorum profundus

100

Insertion of Lumbricals

Tendons of extensor digitorum

101

Origin of Interosseous Muscles (DORSAL)

Dorsal 104: Adjacent sides of two metcarpals (bipennate muscles)

102

Insertion of Interosseous Muscles (Dorsal)

Dorsal 1-4: Extensor expansions and bases of proximal phalanges of digits 2-4