Upper Limb Clinical Correlates Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Upper Limb Clinical Correlates > Flashcards

Flashcards in Upper Limb Clinical Correlates Deck (37):
1

Shoulder separation

Coracoclavicular ligament tear

2

Piano Key Deformity

Acromiclavicular ligament tear

3

Winged scapula

Damage to Long Thoracic nerve

Difficulty abducting arm >90 deg. (serratus ant. musc.)

4

Humeral surgical neck fracture

Pectoralis major pulls humerus medially

5

Flattening of deltoid muscle

Axillary nerve loss due to dislocation of humerus

6

Lower lateral quadrant of breast

Drains to Axillary (pectoral) lymph nodes

7

Upper lateral quadrant of breast

Drains to Interpectoral lymph nodes

8

Roof of cubital fossa

Bicipedal aponeurosis

9

Cubital fossa contents

Brachial artery and median nerve

10

Erb-Duchenne Palsy

Injury to roots of the upper trunk

11

Roots of Brachial Plexus

Mixed motor and sensory

12

Roots of spinal nerves

Either motor OR sensory

13

Abduction of arm

Supraspinatus, deltoid, serratus anterior

14

Suprascapular notch structures

Suprascapular nerve & artery

15

Test for nerve damage after humoral neck fracture

Sensation on the lateral shoulder (axillary/sup. lat. cutaneous nerves)

16

Tear location for torn biceps

Intertubercular groove

17

Mid-shaft humerus fracture result

Damage to radial nerve and deep brachial artery

18

Nursemaid's elbow

Dislocate radius head from annular ligament

19

Colles Fracture

Extension fracture of radius (more common)

20

Smith Fracture

Flexion fracture of radius (less common)

21

Hand of Benediction

Digits 1-3 paralyzed
Median nerve damaged above elbow

22

Claw Hand

Digits 4-5 paralyzed
Ulnar nerve compressed

23

Pinch instead of OK sign

Anterior interosseus nerve

24

Landmark for ulnar nerve/artery

Flexor carpi ulnaris tendon

25

Landmark for median nerve

Flexor palmaris longus tendon

26

Landmark for radial artery

Flexor carpi radialis tendon

27

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Test

Oppose thumb (median nerve)

28

"Funny bone" symptom (nerve)

Ulnar nerve

29

Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

Compression of ulnar nerve

Numbness in lateral hand

30

Wrist Drop

Humerus fracture
Damage to radial nerve

31

Wrist Bones

How Come Tom Takes So Long To Pis

Hamate, Capitate, Trapezoid, Trapezium, Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquitrum, Pisiform

32

Dupuytren Contracture

Scarring of palmar aponeurosis (4th + 5th digits)

33

Infection of finger

1st and 5th digits may be connected, others isolated

34

Mallet Finger

Ruptured extension tendon (flexed last knuckle)

35

Boutonniere Deformity

Ruptured central band (flexed middle knuckle)

36

Spreading fingers (muscle)

Dorsal interosseus muscles

PAD DAB

37

Guyon's Tunnel Syndrome

Compression of ulnar nerve