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Flashcards in Intro - Terminology Deck (8)
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1

How is the origin vs. the insertion of a muscle defined?

The origin is the side of the muscle that moves very little, if at all. The insertion is the side of the muscle that moves the most.

2

What are the two phases of locomotion?

Stance phase, swing phase

3

Define flexion.

Bending or making a decreasing angle between bones or body parts such that two ventral surfaces are brought closer together

4

Define extension.

Bending or making an increasing angle between two ventral surfaces

5

Define abduction and adduction.

Abduction is moving away from the median plane.

Adduction is moving toward the median plane.

6

What is cephalic?

Towards the head. Same as superior, cranial.

7

What is caudal?

Away from the head. Same as inferior

8

What is a dermatome?

A dermatome is an area of skin that is mainly supplied by a single spinal nerve