Lower Limb Clinical Correlates Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Lower Limb Clinical Correlates > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lower Limb Clinical Correlates Deck (36):
1

Patellar Tendon Reflex

Femoral nerve

2

Adductor Canal

Superficial femoral artery
Femoral vein
Nerve to vastus medialis (Femoral nerve)
Saphenous nerve (Femoral nerve)

3

Trendenlenburg Sign

Superior gluteal nerve

Gluteus medius and minimus

4

Misplaced gluteal injection

Inferior gluteal nerve

5

Hip fracture (femoral neck)

Avascular necrosis (medial circumflex artery)

6

Femoral catheter landmarks

ASIS & pubic tubercle

7

Prepatellar bursitis

Swelling superficial to patella

8

Anterior foot inversion injury

Avulsion fracture of tuberosity of 5th metatarsal

9

Unable to invert foot (nerves injured?)

Deep peroneal and tibial nerves

10

Gluteal pain from prolonged sitting

Trochanteric/gluteal bursitis

11

Sudden posterior thigh pain

Hamstring pull

12

Unable to stand on toes (nerve)

Tibial nerve

13

Blunt trauma to lateral head of fibula (nerve and muscles)

Common peroneal nerve

Tibialis anterior & extensor digitorum longus

14

Anterior Compartment Syndrome

Anterior tibial artery

Deep peroneal nerve

15

Posterior tibial pulse landmarks

B/w medial malleolus and Achilles (calcaneal) tendon

16

Order of ankle structures (ant -> post)

Tom, Dick, AN Harry

Tibialis posterior
flexor Digitorum longus
post. tibial Artery
tibial Nerve
flexor Hallucis longus

17

Weakness in dorsiflexion (muscle)

Tibialis anterior

18

Posterior knee pulsatile mass (& non-pulsatile)

Popliteal aneurysm

Baker's cyst

19

Popliteal Fossa boundaries

Semi-membranosus & tendinosus
Biceps femoris

Gastrocnemius (medial & lateral heads)

20

Popliteal Fossa contents

Popliteal artery & vein
Tibial, Common Peroneal & Sural nerves
Popliteal lymph nodes

21

Baker's Cyst (nerve & movement)

Tibial nerve

Plantar flexion and plantar sensation affected

22

Sciatica

L5 - foot dorsiflexion weakness, difficulty walking on heels

S1 - foot plantarflexion weakness, difficulty walking on toes

23

Loss of sensation in medial thigh (nerve)

Femoral/obturator nerves

24

Foot Drop (nerve)

Deep peroneal nerve

25

Paralysis of quadriceps femoris (nerve)

Femoral nerve

26

Spasm of adductor muscles (nerve)

Obturator nerves

27

Inability to flex thigh (nerve)

Ventral primary rami (L1, L2)

28

Cauda Equina Syndrome

Compression of nerve roots below conus medullaris (L1-S5)

Pain: low back, legs, genital region, Saddle Anesthesia

29

Posteriorly dislocated hip (ligament & important structures)

Ischiofemoral ligament

Damage to: Sciatic Nerve & gluteal muscles

30

Anterior Drawer Sign

ACL tear

31

Knee injury from lateral trauma

Medial meniscus & MCL tear

32

Unlocks knee

Popliteus muscle

33

Plantarflexion with torn Achilles tendon (muscles)

Tibialis posterior
Flexor hallucis longus
Peroneus longus & brevis

34

Tri-Malleolar Fracture

Medial, lateral, and distal malleolus

Caused by deltoid ligament tear & subsequent tibial movement

35

High ankle sprain (inversion)

Posterior tibiofibular ligament
Anterior tibiofibular ligament

36

Low ankle sprain (inversion)

Posterior talofibular ligament
Anterior talofibular ligament
Calcaneofibular ligament