urinary (incl male genitalia + prostate) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in urinary (incl male genitalia + prostate) Deck (13)
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1

urinary systemic enquiry

frequency
dysuria
nocturia
polyuria
oliguria
haematuria
incontinence/urgency
prostatic: difficulty, poor stream, terminal dribble

2

causes dysuria

UTI, STI

3

causes frequency

UTI

4

causes urgency

UTI, detrusor instability

5

causes nocturia

UTI, prostatic enlargement (e.g. BPH)

6

causes haematuria

UTI, renal Ca, bladder Ca, trauma

7

symptoms prostatic enlargemnet

hesitancy
dribbling
poor stream
nocturia

8

renal causes fever + rigor

pyelonephritis

9

renal causes weight loss

malignancy
uraemia

10

uraemic symptoms

nausea + vomitting
fatigue
anorexia/weight loss
muscle cramps
pruitis
confusion

11

inspection male genitaili

hair distribution
rashes/nodules
swellings, scars, varicoele
urethral meatus for stenosis
presence/absence foreskin
glans penis for inflammation, ulcers, tumours

12

palpation sctorum

size
consistency
rexture

normally soft, smooth, ovoid, sensitive to pressure

epidydymis for nodules/swellings
spermatic cord for varicoele

13

if swelling of scrotum

is it mobile?
is there cough impulse?
is is fluctulant (fluid containing) or solid?
does swelling transilluminate? yes: cystic, no; solid