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Flashcards in Uterus + Perineum Deck (64)
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1

What organs are directly anterior and posterior to the uterus?

Ant: urinary bladder
Post: Rectum

2

What are the 3 parts of the uterus?

- Fundus (top)
- Body (2/3 of it)
- Cervix (1/3 of it)

3

What is the name for the opening in the cervix?

Os

4

How long are the uterine tubes?
To which part of the uterus do they attach?
What are their fcn?

~4" long
- Attach to fundus (epithelium is continuous)
- Carry ovum to uterine cavity

5

What are the 4 parts of the uterine/fallopian tube, starting at the uterus?

- Isthmus
- Ampulla
- Infundibulum
- Fimbria

6

Where is the approximate location of the ovary?

- Lateral pelvic wall

7

What is the ovary's own mesentery that attaches superior of it?

Mesovarium

8

What attaches the ovary to the uterus and runs in the mesovarium?
What runs through it?

Ovarian ligament
- Nothing runs through it

9

What suspends the ovary to the lateral wall of the pelvis?
What runs through it?

Suspensory ligament--a condensation of fascia surrounding bv's to the ovary and is technically part of broad ligament
- Ovarian a. runs thru it

10

What connects the uterus to the labia majora by running thru the inguinal canal?

Round ligament (not a true ligament)

11

What is the broad ligament?

A fold of peritoneum that extends from the sides of the uterus to the lateral walls of the pelvis
- Surrounds the uterine tubes

12

Explain the spatial arrangement of the ureter and uterine artery?
Why is this important?

"Water goes under the bridge"
Ureter travels under the uterine artery
- Many lawsuits follow ligation of the uterine a. during hysterectomy (don't put staple in ureter following hysterectomy)

13

Where does the ovarian a. branch from and what does it travel in?

- Aorta
- Suspensory ligament

14

In the vagina, what is the fornix?

Recesses in the superior vagina that surround the cervix (which protrudes into the vagina)

15

What's the mesentary of the uterine tube?

Mesosalphinx (salphin: "tube")

16

The uterine position is ______________, while the vaginal position is ______________.

- Anteflexion
- Anteversion
(uterus is flexed, vagina is verted)

17

What are the 2 areas that makeup the perineum?

Anterior: urogenital diaphragm
Posterior: anal triangle

18

What sits in the center of the perineum?

Perineal body, AKA central tendon
- Serves as anchor point for most small mm. of the perineum

19

What is the term for foreskin?

Prepuce

20

What is the name for the space b/w the labia majora?

Vestibule

21

What is the female equivalent of the penile glans and prepuce?

Clitoral glans and clitoral prepuce

22

What is the area of the pubic region called?

Mons pubis

23

What are the layers of the UG diaphragm, from inf to sup?

1. Inferior fascia of the UG diaphragm, AKA perineal membrane
2. UG diaphragm proper, AKA the deep pouch
3. Superior fascia of the UG diaphragm

24

Generally, what would you find below the inferior fascia of the UG diaphragm?
What is this zone called?

- Erectile tissue (both sexes)
- Superficial pouch

25

In the penis, where does the urethra run?

Through the corpus spongiosum

26

What type of tissue is the clitoris made up of?

Corpus cavernosum only

27

What area comes just before the eternal urethra orifice of the penis?

Navicular fossa of the urethra

28

What does erectile tissue consist of?

Crura (legs), bulb of penis or vestibule, cavernous bodies

29

What muscle covers to crus of the penis?

Ischiocavernosus m.

30

What is w/in the bulb of the penis?

Bulbourethral glands (AKA Cowper's glands)