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Flashcards in Vaccination Deck (96)
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1

The goal of vaccination is attending to stimulate the adaptive immune system to creat what?

memory

2

For memory killer T cells, Infected cell must present the antigen on what?

MCH I

3

For memory helper T cells APC must present antigen on what?

MCH II

4

What cells can be produced efficiently even when no immune system cells have been infected by the attacker?

Memory B and Memory Helpter T cells

5

Most vaccines are believed to confer protection through what?

Neutralizing antibodies

6

Both antibody and T cell responses seem to depend on what?

The innate immune system

7

Does disease always lead to immunity?

No

8

What kind of vaccine is a weakened version of the pathogen that mimic the kind of protective immunity induced in people who survive live infection?

Like attenuated

9

What are some examples of like attenuated vaccines?

Smallpox, yellow fever, measles, mumps, chicken pox.

10

What are the other different kinds of vaccines besides live attenuated vaccines?

Subunit, toxioid, CHO, and conjugate vaccines.

11

What is an example of a subunit vaccine?

Vaccine against recombinant hepatitis B

12

What is an example of toxoid vaccines?

Inactivated toxins against diphtheria tetanus

13

What is an example of a CHO vaccine ?

Vaccine against pneumococcus

14

What is an example of a conjugate vaccine?

Vaccine against haemophilus infulezae type B or meningococcus

15

What can regulate the persistence of the germinal center memory B cell differentiation pathway?

TLR triggering

16

What enhances the survival rage of plasma cells in the bone marrow?

Basophils

17

What my provide instructive cues for migration of actiavated T and B cells to mucosal tissues?

Innate programming of DCs

18

What may regulate the differentiation of antigen specific T and B cells at mucosal sites?

Macrophages

19

Non infectious vaccines will cause the body to make what?

Memory B and helper T cells

20

Non infectious vaccines do not cause the production of what kind of cell?

Memory killer T

21

Non infectious vaccines are designed not to do what to the host?

NOT kill host

22

What are some examples of killed examples?

Common flu, typhoid, pertussis

23

What is an example of a chemical used to kill microbes in non infectious vaccines?

Formaldehyde

24

What is used as a bacterial toxin in non infectious vaccines?

Aluminum

25

What are to examples of bacterial toxins diseases ?

Diphtheria and tetanus

26

What diseases are examples of non infectious vaccines that get rid of the harmful portions of the pathogen that causes that dangerous effects?

Acellular pertussis vaccine, hep B, or HPV vaccine

27

What cells are the result of live attenuated vaccines?

Memory B cells, memory helper T cells, MEMORY KILLER T CELLS.

28

Name an example of a live attenuated vaccine?

Sabin polio vaccine

29

Carrier vaccines present microbe protein fragments on what?

MCH I

30

What help stimulate the immune system increasing its response to the vaccine? It should enhance the magnitude and modulate the quality of the immune response.

Adjuvant