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Flashcards in Vascular diseases Deck (12)
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1

How are TAA etiologies different from AAA etiologies

AAA RF are similar to CAD. TAA have those same risk factors, but also have a familial trait (cystic medial necrosis) associated with them

2

What does chest/abd/back pain in an aortic aneurysm indicate

impending rupture!
but, rupture can occur without symptoms

3

What are the DeBakey Classifications

Type 1: originates in AA, propagates at least to aortic arch
Type 2: ascending aorta only
Type 3: originates in AA, propagates distally or proximally

4

What is the Stanford classification

Type A: involves ascending aorta and aortic arch (60 yo)
Type B: involves descending aorta (>60 yo)

5

What can proximal aortic dissections result in

Aortic regurgitation due to dilation of aortic valve from fluid back up

6

What can aortic dissection rupture into pericardium cause

cardiac tamponade (hemopericardium)

7

What can happen if an aortic dissection compresses aortic branches

acute ischemia/MI
stroke
spinal cord ischemia
Abd/limb pain

8

How can you tell the difference between Aortic Dissection and MI

aortic dissection is ABRUPT, SHARP, tearing pain. Max intensity at onset, radiates to back
-MI is progressive, exertion, better at rest

9

In PAD, what suggests aortoiliac disease

pain in buttocks and thighs

10

In PAD, what suggests femoropopliteal disease

pain in calves

11

What type of PAD warrants buttock/hip bypass

Aortoiliac disease

12

What type of PAD warrants thigh bypass

Femoral or aortoiliac