Vertebral Column Flashcards Preview

NLM2 Anatomy > Vertebral Column > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vertebral Column Deck (23):
1

What travels in transverse foramen and where are they found?

Found in cervical vertebrae only
Contain vertebral artery and vein and sympathetic nerve plexus

2

How are thoracic vertebrae different?

Have articular facets in the sides of the body for articulation of the ribs

3

Name the different vertebral groups and number of vertebrae in each

7 Cervical
12 Thoracic
5 Lumbar
5 Sacral
4 Coccygeal

4

When does the sacrum fuse?

When 20-25years old

5

What is lordosis?

Type of curvature in the lumbar region of the spine
Increases in pregnancy due to extra weight of uterus

6

Name the 4 ligaments present in the vertebral column

Supraspinous ligament
Interspinous ligament
Posterior longitudinal ligament
Anterior longitudinal ligament

7

What is the nucleus pulposus?

Gelatinous mucoid substance, found in centre of intervertebral discs

8

What is a prolapsed disc?

When part of the nucleus pulposus is forced thorugh a rupture in the annulus fibrosus (L4-L% or L5-S1 most common)

9

What does the atlas articulate with?

C1 vertebra so articulates with occipital condyles of skull superiorly
Inferiorly with dens of axis

10

What is the vertebrae prominens?

C7, spinous process can be felt

11

Where does a lubar puncture usually take place?

Between L3&L4

12

What is scoliosis & likely causes

Lateral deviation of spine
Muscle weakness, vertebral defects, compensation for hip problem?

13

What is kyphosis and likely causes

Increased sagittal curvature in thoracic vertebrae
Muscle weakness, changes in body/disc

14

What is the ligamentum nuchae?

Connects skull to spines of cervical vertebrae
Thickening of inter and supraspinous ligament

15

What muscles are involved in extension of the spine?

Trapezius, deltoid, lat dorsi, rhomboids, gluteus maximus

16

Where do all the muscles of the posterior neck converge?

At the atlas and axis

17

Name the muscles of the posterior neck

Longus colli, scalenes (anterior, medius, posterior)

18

For counterclockwise movement of spine (w/ pelvis fixed) what muscles are used?

Right external oblique and L internal oblique

19

How does the quadratus lumborum aid in the breathing?

Pulls down 12th rib so aids in inspiration

20

What is the dens also known as?

The odontoid process

21

What are the characteristics of the axis?

The dens (odontoid process) and bifid spinous process

22

What limits excessive rotation of the head?

The alar ligament
Attached to dens and lateral foramen magnum

23

What communicates with the internal vertebral venous plexus?

Vertebral, posterior, intercostal, lumbar and sacral veins via 4 intervertebral segmental veins