Vitamin Deficiencies Flashcards Preview

Step 2 CK_Rapid Review > Vitamin Deficiencies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vitamin Deficiencies Deck (15)
1

Night blindness, dry skin

Vitamin A

2

Beriberi (polyneuritis, dilated cardiomyopathy, high-output CHF, edema), Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

Vitamine B1 (Thiamine)

3

Angular stomatitis, cheilosis, corneal vascularization

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

4

Diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia

Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
(Pellagra)

5

Dermatitis, enteritis, alopecia, adrenal insufficiency

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenate)

6

Convulsions, hyperirritability; required during administration of isoniazid

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

7

Macrocytic, megaloblastic anemia; neurologic symptoms (i.e. optic neuropathy, subacute combined degeneration, paresthesias); glossitis

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

8

Swollen gums, bruising, anemia, poor wound healing

Vitamin C
(Scurvy)

9

Bending bones in kids; soft bones in adults; hypocalcemic tetany

Vitamin D
(Rickets, osteomalacia)

10

Increased fragility of red blood cells

Vitamin E

11

Neonatal hemorrhage; increased PT and aPTT, normal bleeding time

Vitamin K

12

Dermatitis, enteritis. Can be caused by ingestion of raw eggs or antibiotic use

Biotin

13

Sprue; macrocytic, megaloblastic anemia without neurologic symptoms

Folic acid
(The most common vitamin deficiency in the USA.)

14

Weakness, muscle cramps, exacerbation of hypocalcemic tetany, CNS hyperirritability leading to tremors, choreoathetoid movement

Magnesium

15

Dilated cardiomyopathy, myocardial necrosis; exacerbated by concurrent coxsackievirus infection.

Atrophy, degeneration, necrosis of cartilage tissue; exacerbated by iodine deficiency.

Selenium
(Keshan disease; Kashin-Beck disease)