Vocab 1 Flashcards Preview

Comp & Lit term 1 > Vocab 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab 1 Deck (18):
0

Adherence

adherence -- noun from Latin: ad - to + haerere - to stick, cling
1. firm commitment to, allegiance
The organization required strict adherence to the rules from its members.

1

Atrophy

atrophy (Alex) -- noun from Middle French (atrophie), Late Latin (atrophia), and Greek (átroph) meaning "not fed"; a - not + trophe - to feed
1. A wasting away of a body part or organ due to malnutrition
After his legs became paralyzed in a car accident, he suffered from atrophy as he could no longer exercise his legs.
2. Degeneration, decline, or decrease, as from disuse
There became an atrophy of students using pencils and paper after technology improved.

2

Carnal

carnal (Connor) --adjective Latin carne - flesh
1. relating to physical, especially sexual, activities
They have a carnal relationship.

3

Climactic

climactic (Margot) -- adjective Greek - klimax - ladder; propositions rising in effectiveness
1. coming to the highest point of development in something
The Golden Age of Greece was the climax of the empire.

4

Crenelated

crenellated (Sohail) -- Verb/adjectives
from French: créneler - to notch/notched
1. To make a battlement (for the wall of a building).
Historians believe that the Americans crenellated the battlements at the Alamo.

5

Firmament


firmament (Elijah) -- Noun from latin: firmare - fix, or settle. in old latin firmamentum.
1. the sky, or empyrean

6

Indolence

indolence (Hope) -- Noun- from the Latin word in - not + dolor - pain
1. The quality or state of not wanting to exert any energy or cause yourself any pain
My family will one day feel the consequences for their indolence.

7

Lethargy

lethargy (David) -- noun from Greek: lethe - forgetfulness + argos - idle
1. the quality or state of being drowsy or dull, apathetic or sluggish activity
Lethargy is a common trait among students.

8

Monogamy

monogamy (Claire) -- noun from Late Latin/Greek: mono - one + gamy - marriage.
1. a relationship in which you are with one partner exclusively.
Monogamy is not practiced by some religions.

9

Nuturant

An adjective originally derived from the Latin nūtrīre (to feed or nourish)
1. To be supportive, caring, and affectionate.
The nurturant mother hugged her child close and assured him that she would always be there for him.

10

Perfunctory

adjective meaning to lack interest or to be unenthusiastic. per - through + fungi - to perform
from Late Latin word perfuntorious meaning careless.
Even though people clapped in the end, her speech seemed rather perfunctory.

11

Prerogative

prerogative (Ellis) -- noun from middle-english: prae"before" + rogare "to ask"
1. an exclusive right or privilege
I have the prerogative to change my mind.

12

Querulrous

querulous (Izzy) -- adjective from the Latin queri -complain
1. Full of complaints; complaining
- My sister has a very querulous attitude...

13

Redundant

redundant (Moey) -- Latin adjective - redundans - an overflow of something; re - again + unda- wave
1. More of something than is required or ordinary, usually because of repetition of a particular idea.
2. (British) - When you are no longer needed in your job, and therefore you lose it.
3. Functioning as a replica of a specific part so that the whole system won’t fall apart if that part breaks.

14

Stoical

stoical (Matt) -- Adjective from middle-english:stoic (belonging to a school of philosophy) + al (having the form of); Stoa - the public meeting place in Athens where Zeno would orate
1. Without emotion

15

Succumbed

succumbed (Eliza) -- Verb from Latin: succumbere from sub - under +cumbere "to lie down”
1. to yield or stop trying
Lucy finally succumbed to the vicious storm and allowed herself to stop at a hotel to avoid the buffeting wind.
2. to die
After months of fighting the tumour, Alex, to his family’s dismay, succumbed at the age of twelve.

16

Translucent

translucent (Catie) -- an adjective from Latin: Trānslūcēns- present participle for trānslūcēre meaning "to shine through" trans - through + lux - light
1. Allowing light to pass through, but distorting the view of the objects on the other side.
A good piece of sea glass should be translucent.

17

Unvanquished

unvanquished ( Clark) -- adjective from Latin vincere -- to conquer, overcome
1. unconquered in conflict, undefeated
In spite of overwhelming odds the group remained unvanquished in the the conflict.