Vocab Quiz #5: (A: Wednesday 5/6; B: Thursday 5/7) Flashcards Preview

US History (SC EOC) > Vocab Quiz #5: (A: Wednesday 5/6; B: Thursday 5/7) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab Quiz #5: (A: Wednesday 5/6; B: Thursday 5/7) Deck (31):
1

Turning point of the Revolutionary War - The French helped the colonists after this

Saratoga

2

People who work during a strike

Scabs

3

Deragatory term used for Southerners who supported Northern policies during Reconstruction

Scalawags

4

Native American tribe from Florida who fought to keep their land, but were defeated

Seminoles

5

Women's rights convention held in the early 1800's

Seneca Falls Convention

6

Principle stating that we should divide the legislative, executive, and judicial functions of Government into separate branches.

Separation of Powers

7

Revolt led by a Rev. War veteran because he wasn't getting his pension - Demonstrated a major weakness of the Articles of Confederation

Shay's Rebellion

8

Law passed in the early 1900's to prevent businesses from controlling all parts of an industry

Sherman Antitrust Act

9

Colonial tax on royal notarization - This was the first direct tax on the colonies & angered the colonists

Stamp Act

10

Concept stating that individual states should be able to determine whether they follow a Federal law or not - This was a major cause of the Civil War

States' Rights

11

People who believe that the Constitution should be followed literally - we cannot do anything unless it specifically states it

Strict Constructionists

12

People who believe that the Constitution can be stretched to apply to different situations at different times - we can do anything it doesn't specifically forbid

Loose Constructionists

13

Proposed tax in imported goods that the South hated & SC threatened to nullify because it would have greatly increased prices

Tariff of Abominations

14

Farmers created these groups in the late 1800's to deal with political issues relating to farmers (shipping prices, inflation, etc.)

The Grange

15

Military tactic in which all of an enemy's territory and propery is burned, looted, destroyed, or killed. Used in Sherman's March to the Sea.

Total War

16

Treaty ending the Revolutionary War

Treaty of Paris

17

Book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe to expose the evils of slavery to a northern audience

Uncle Tom's Cabin

18

Organizations of employees working together to negotiate with management over issues in the workplace

Unions

19

Statements passed in two states explaining why they would not enforce the Alien & Sedition Acts in the early 1800's

VA & KY Resolutions

20

Plan brought to the Constitutional Convention that would have given states congressional representation based on the size of each state's population

VA Plan

21

Battle in which the Union gained control of the Mississippi River

Vicksburg

22

Founder of the NAACP

W.E.B. DuBois

23

Uprising over an tax on alcohol during the nation's early years - George Washington led troops out himself to put it down

Whiskey Rebellion

24

Populist Presidential candidate who gave the "Cross of Gold" speech and later served as prosecutor at the Scopes Monkey Trial

William Jennings Bryan

25

Abolitionist newspaper publisher who called for immediate emancipation, but still held some racist views

William Lloyd Garrison

26

Quaker known for founding Pennsylvania as a well planned, religiously tolerant colony.

William Penn

27

Civil War General remembered for using Total War on his March to the Sea

William Tecumseh Sherman

28

Proposed law that would have prohibited slavery in any land purchased from Mexico - It failed & made the South want to keep a balance in Congress between northern & southern states

Wilmot Proviso

29

Site where a number of surrendering Native Americans were massacred at the end of the Indian Wars

Wounded Knee

30

Contracts stating the the employee will not join a Union - These were often used in the late 1800's to prevent unions from organizing

Yellow Dog Contracts

31

Final battle of the Revolutionary War

Yorktown