Vocabulary 11-7-16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary 11-7-16 Deck (19):
1

Anglican

of, relating to, or denoting the Church of England or any Church in communion with it.

2

95 Theses

propositions for debate concerned with the question of indulgences

3

Counter Reformation

was the period of Catholic resurgence initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation

4

Zwingli

was a leader of the Reformation in Switzerland.

5

Ignatius of Loyola

was a Spanish knight from a local Basque noble family, hermit, priest since 1537, and theologian, who founded the Society of Jesus

6

Council of Trent

held between 1545 and 1563 in Trento (Trent) and Bologna, northern Italy, was one of the Roman Catholic Church's most important ecumenical councils

7

Jesuits

a member of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic order of priests founded by St. Ignatius Loyola, St. Francis Xavier, and others in 1534, to do missionary work

8

City-State

city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state

9

Scientific Revolution

to historical changes in thought & belief

10

Heliocentic Theory

, is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets

11

Roger Bacon

known by the scholastic accolade Doctor Mirabilis

12

Copernicus

the belief that the earth rotates daily on its axis and the planets revolve in orbits around the sun.

13

Kepler

German astronomer and mathematician who is considered the founder of celestial mechanics. He was first to accurately describe the elliptical orbits of Earth and the planets around the Sun and demonstrated that planets move fastest when they are closest to the Sun.

14

Galileo

Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars

15

Scientific Method

a method of procedure that has characterized natural science since the 17th century, consisting in systematic observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses.

16

Newton

the SI unit of force. It is equal to the force that would give a mass of one kilogram an acceleration of one meter per second per second, and is equivalent to 100,000 dynes.

17

Vesalius

was an anatomist, physician, and author of one of the most influential books

18

Descartes

was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist

19

Robert Boyle

Irish chemist who established that air has weight and whose definitions of chemical elements and chemical reactions helped to dissociate