Vocabulary 11-15-16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary 11-15-16 Deck (24):
1

Conquistador

a conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century

2

Colony

a country or area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country.

3

Mercantilism

belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.

4

Balance of Trade

the difference in value between a country's imports and exports.

5

The Compass

an instrument containing a magnetized pointer that shows the direction of magnetic north and bearings from it.

6

Joint Stock Comlany

a company whose stock is owned jointly by the shareholders.

7

Triangular Trade

a multilateral system of trading in which a country pays for its imports from one country by its exports to another.

8

Columbian Exchange

a period of cultural and biological exchanges between the New and Old Worlds

9

Middle Passage

the sea journey undertaken by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies.

10

Treaty of Tordesillas

agreement between Spain and Portugal aimed at settling conflicts over lands newly discovered or explored by Christopher Columbus and other late 15th-century voyagers

11

Henry the Navigator

was an important figure in 15th-century Portuguese politics and in the early days of the Portuguese Empire.

12

Christopher Columbus

An Italian explorer responsible for the European discovery of America in 1492

13

Vasco de Gama

Portuguese explorer. He led the first European expedition around the Cape of Good Hope in 1497, sighting and naming Natal on Christmas Day before crossing the Indian Ocean and arriving in Calicut in 1498.

14

Hernan Cortes

a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the rule of .

15

Zheng He

was a Hui court eunuch, mariner, explorer, diplomat, and fleet admiral during China's early Ming dynasty

16

Ferdinand Magellan

a Portuguese explorer who organised the Castilian expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522

17

Spice Trade

to the trade between historical civilizations in Asia, Northeast Africa and Europe

18

Encomienda System

legal system by which the Spanish crown attempted to define the status of the Indian population in its American colonies

19

Dutch East India Company

was originally established as a chartered company in 1602, when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on Dutch spice trade

20

Arawak

a member of a people originally of the Greater Antilles and adjacent South America, now living mainly in Guiana. They were forced out of the Antilles by the more warlike Caribs shortly before Spanish expansion in the Caribbean

21

The Philippines

of or relating to the Philippines

22

Fort Jesus Mombasa

a Portuguese fort located on Mombasa Island. It was built between 1593 and 1596, by order of King Philip I of Portugal, to guard the Old Port of Mombasa, Kenya

23

Kongo Kingdom

Basin of the Congo (Zaire) river, conglomeration of several village alliances, participated actively in trade networks, most centralized rule of the early Bantu kingdoms, royal currency: cowries, ruled 14th-17th century until undermined by Portuguese slave traders.

24

Menin Tribe

a social division in a traditional society consisting of families or communities linked by social, economic, religious, or blood ties, with a common culture and dialect, typically having a recognized leader