Vocabulary 12-19-16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary 12-19-16 Deck (25):
1

Ottoman Empire

a former Turkish empire that was founded about 1300 by Osman and reached its greatest territorial extent under Suleiman in the 16th century

2

Jarisarries

a member of the Turkish infantry forming the Sultan's guard between the 14th and 19th centuries

3

Sultan

a Muslim sovereign

4

Sultanate

the position of a sultan or the period of time when a sultan rules

5

Harem

the separate part of a Muslim household reserved for wives, concubines, and female servants

6

Aurangzeb

a bigoted Muhammadan, and his accession to the throne threatened to have serious consequences for Mullah Shah

7

Shah

a title of the former monarch of Iran

8

Maratha Kingdom

Indian power that existed from 1674 to 1818

9

Timur the Lame

a Turco-Mongol conqueror and the founder of the Timurid Empire in Persia and Central Asia

10

Mehmet the Conquero

The Conqueror is one of the famous sultans of Ottoman Empire with his intelligence

11

Emperor Akbar

who conquered most of northern India and exercised religious tolerance

12

Nur Jahan

the twentieth but most beloved, and therefore most important consort of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir

13

Delhi

former capital of the old Mogul Empire

14

Sufism

the mystical system of the Sufis

15

Sikishm

a monotheistic religion founded in Punjab in the 15th century by Guru Nanak

16

Taj Mahai

an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra

17

Safavid

a member of a dynasty that ruled Persia 1502–1736 and installed Shia rather than Sunni Islam as the state religion

18

Ismail Abbas

an Iraqi man who drew a lot of media attention after being severely injured in a night-time aerial missile attack near Baghdad during the United States' 2003 invasion of Iraq

19

Surfis

a Muslim ascetic and mystic

20

Suleyman

The Ottoman Empire reached its fullest extent under his rule

21

Esmail

It corresponds to the English name Ishmael

22

Safidon

a city and a municipal committee in Jind district in the Indian state of Haryana

23

Kizilbash

a Persianized Turk of a class devoted to business and professional pursuits in Afghanistan

24

Rajputs

a member of a Hindu military caste claiming Kshatriya descent

25

Sikh Faith

a monotheistic religion