Vocabulary 12-5-16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary 12-5-16 Deck (50):
1

The Phillipines

relating to phillipine

2

Burma

Myanmar, Rangoon is Yangon, Prome is Pyay and Pegu is Bago

3

Vietnam

southeast Asian country on the South China Sea

4

Geneva Accords

arranged a settlement which brought about an end to the First Indochina War

5

TET Offensive

one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War

6

Beijing

the capital of the People's Republic of China

7

Treaty of Nanjink

was a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China on 29 August 1842.

8

Taiwan

Its capital and largest city is Taipei

9

Empress

a female emperor

10

Ci Xi

The dowager empress of China

11

Self Strengthening Movement

was a period of institutional reforms initiated in China during the late Qing dynasty following a series of military defeats and concessions to foreign powers

12

Imperial City

immediate vassal of the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire

13

Porcelain

a white vitrified translucent ceramic; china

14

Boxer Rebellion

a Chinese secret organization called the Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists led an uprising in northern China against the spread of Western and Japanese influence there.

15

Tokugawa Shogunate

was the last feudal Japanese military government, which existed between 1603 and 1867.

16

Commodore Matthew Perry

was a Commodore of the United States Navy and commanded a number of ships. He served in several wars, most notably in the Mexican–American War and the War of 1812.

17

Meiji Restoration

was a chain of events that restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.

18

Consulate

the place or building in which a consul's duties are carried out.

19

Eta

the seventh letter of the Greek alphabet ( Η, η), transliterated as ‘e’ or ‘ē

20

Edo

a member of a people inhabiting the district of Benin in Nigeria.

21

The Hermit Kingdom

a term applied to any country, organization or society which willfully walls itself off, either metaphorically or physically, from the rest of the world.

22

Isolation

the process or fact of isolating or being isolated

23

Dutch Learning

a body of knowledge developed by Japan through its contacts with the Dutch

24

Junks

discard or abandon unceremoniously

25

Queue

a line or sequence of people or vehicles awaiting their turn to be attended to or to proceed.

26

Hsuan-yeh

second Emperor of the Ch'ing dynasty, who ruled during the years 1661- 1722

27

Philology

the branch of knowledge that deals with the structure, historical development, and relationships of a language or languages.

28

Extraterritoriality

the state of being exempted from the jurisdiction of local law,

29

Unequal Treaties

a term applied to any of a series of treaties signed with Western powers during the 19th and early 20th centuries by Qing dynasty China and late Tokugawa Japan

30

Yangtze Valley

the longest river of Asia

31

Toyotomi Hideyoshi

was a preeminent daimyo, warrior, general, samurai, and politician of the Sengoku period who is regarded as Japan's second "great unifier".

32

Tokugama Leyasi

was the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate,

33

Treaty of Kanagawe

opened Japan to trade with the United States, and thus the West.

34

Pablo Picasso

Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.

35

Abstract Expressionism

a development of abstract art that originated in New York in the 1940s and 1950s and aimed at subjective emotional expression with particular emphasis on the creative spontaneous act (e.g., action painting). Leading figures were Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning.

36

Nazi Party

political group that ruled Germany between 1933 and 1945.

37

Mass Communication

the imparting or exchanging of information on a large scale to a wide range of people.

38

New Economic Policy

economic policy of Soviet Russia proposed by Vladimir Lenin, who described it as a progression towards "state capitalism" within the workers' state of the USSR.

39

Collective Farms

a jointly operated amalgamation of several small farms, especially one owned by the government.

40

Purge

rid (someone) of an unwanted feeling, memory, or condition, typically giving a sense of cathartic release.

41

Authoritarianism

favoring or enforcing strict obedience to authority, especially that of the government, at the expense of personal freedom.

42

SS

An elite corps of combat troops formed originally within the German Nazi party as a bodyguard for Adolf Hitler and other Nazi leaders and led by Heinrich Himmler.

43

Secret Police

a police force working in secret against a government's political opponents.

44

The Spanish Civil War

A war fought in the late 1930s in Spain. On one side were the Loyalists, Spaniards loyal to a recently elected government in the form of a republic; on the other side were fascists (see fascism), led by General Francisco Franco.

45

Facism

an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.

46

Ethnic Cleansing

the mass expulsion or killing of members of an unwanted ethnic or religious group in a society.

47

Refugee

a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.

48

Taliban

Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war

49

38th parellel

circle of latitude in the Northern Hemisphere

50

Korean War

fought in the early 1950s between the United Nations, supported by the United States, and the communist Democratic People's Republic of Korea