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Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (24):
1

What is introspection

the examination or observation of one's own mental and emotional processes.

2

What is structuralism

Structuralism sought to analyze the adult mind (defined as the sum total of experience from birth to the present) in terms of the simplest definable components and then to find the way in which these components fit together in complex forms.

3

What is functionalism

Functionalism argues that consciousness is functional and serves a purpose.

4

William Jame's psychological view

Functionalism

5

What is the psychodynamic approach?

Posits that conscious and unconscious forces interact to control our thoughts and behaviours.
Behaviour is an interplay between thoughts feelings and wishes.

6

What psych approach says that mental events are unconscious and that mental processes can be in conflict and this can cause anxiety

Psychodynamic approach - Freud

7

What psych approach aims to understand the mental life of clients by analysing speech and dreams.

Psychodynamic approach - Freud

8

Metaphor for psychodynamic approach

Iceberg. Conscious = smaller but visible
Unconscious = larger but not visible

9

Who developed classical conditioning

Pavlov - pavlovs dog

10

Who developed operant conditioning?

B.f skinner - the Skinner box

11

What psych approach states that behaviour Is simply a reaction to environmental stimuli

Behaviourist approach - b.f skinner and Pavlov

12

T/F
The behaviourist approach seeks to understand the relationship between stimuli and behaviour using the experimental method

True

13

Wilhelm Wundt's psychological view

Structuralism

14

Who are the major players in the humanistic approach?

Carl Rogers & Abraham Maslow

15

What is the Metaphor for the Humanistic approach?

People are innately good and will strive to realize goals and ambitions

16

What are the five levels of Maslows hierarchy of needs?

1. Psychological needs
2. safety needs
3. belonging and love needs
4. esteem needs
Self actualization needs

17

What psychological approach says that the mind is like a computer?

Cognitive approach

18

What does the cognitive view focus on?

It focuses on how people process, store and retrieve information

19

What does the cognitive evolutionary view focus on?

human behaviors evolved because hey helped our ancestors survive and reproduce

20

What view states that we are all runners in one race, competing for resources?

evolutionary

21

What psych view is most similar to Darwins views?

evolution

22

According to Kuhn, a paradigm is?

a system of theoretical assumptions used by scientists to make sense of their area

23

Proponents of determinism in psychology believe that:

actions of humans and animals follow physical laws

24

Damage to the front section of the left hemisphere (Broca's area) will cause

problems in language production.