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Flashcards in Week 4 Deck (86):
1

The medulla oblongata is:

an extension of the spinal cord

2

The nervous system is made up of the central nervous system and the _____ nervous system

peripheral nervous system

3

The peripheral nervous system is made up of the somatic nervous system and the _______ nervous system

automatic

4

men tend to score higher than women on tests of:

mathematical ability and spatial processing

5

What is the Hindbrain made up of?

Pons,, cerebellum, and medulla Oblongata. Also the reticular formation

6

What does the Medulla Oblongata control?

regulation of breathing and heart rate

7

Under the somatic nervous system are the ____ nerves and the ____ nerves.

afferent and efferent

8

If there is damage to brain here, it’s always fatal. This is the ‘vital signs’ part of the brain

medulla Oblongata

9

What two divisions are under the automatic nervous system?

Sympathetic division and parasympathetic

10

What part of the nervous system controls itself. Allows the stomach to digest food, create fear/flight and also allows you to chill out.

Automatic nervous system

11

What does the somatic nervous system consist of and do?

All the nerves that innervate (has nerves coming from and going to) muscles of the body and all of the sensory nerves
o Afferent nerves – they go into the brain (sensory)
o Efferent Nerves – move the muscles

12

A lot of the staggering and slurred speech that occurs after consuming alcohol is due to the ____________ being affected

Cerebellum

13

What six things does the peripheral nervous system consist of?

1. Somatic nervous system
-afferent nervous system
- efferent nervous system

2. Automatic nervous system
- sympathetic nervous system
- parasympathetic nervous system

14

What does the forebrain consist of?

cerebral cortex, Basal Ganglia, Limbic system, thalamus and hypothalamus.

15

What does the limbic system consist of?

septum, amygdala and hippocampus

16

What part of the brain is a collection of nuclei and neural fibers that is crucial to the function of the motor system?

Basal Ganglia

17

what does the midbrain do?

It consists of various structures that allow you to orient your eyes to an object, the peripheral field, it controls how conscious you are, it controls your sleep and dreams

18

What does the midbrain consist of?

the tectum and tegmentum

19

What is in the tectum made up of and what does it achieve?

It is involved in orienting to visual and auditory stimuli and it is made up of the the superior and inferior colliculi

20

What does the Tegmentum do?

is involved in movement and arousal. It plays an important role in learning to produce behaviours that minimize unpleasant (Aversive) consequences and maximize pleasant (rewarding) consequences

21

The major function of the ___________ is to maintain consciousness, regulate arousal levels and moderate the activity of neurons throughout the central nervous system.

reticular formation

22

What does ANS stand for?

Autonomic nervous system

23

What does the autonomic nervous system do?

It controls itself. Allows the stomach to digest food, create fear/flight and also allows you to chill out. Consists of the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions

24

What does the pons do?

controls dreaming. it is involved in consciousness. It bridges neurotransmitters from one part of the brain to another and is involved in facial nerves

25

What part of the brain is essential to co-ordination, balance and muscle tone?

Cerebellum

26

What is the primary relay for sensory information in the brain?

Thalamus

27

What part of the brain controls the endocrine system and the autonomic nervous system?

Hypothalamus

28

What part of the brain influences anger and fear?

Septum

29

What part of the brain influences anger and aggression?

amygdala

30

Bundles of axons outside the central nervous system are referred to as spinal ______, whereas the bundles of axons inside the central nervous system are referred to as spinal ______.

nerves, tracts

31

What are the two major parts of the peripheral nervous system?

The somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system

32

What part of the nervous system controls itself?

the somatic and the autonomic nervous system

33

When the ______ kicks in, it causes the following?
• Pupils constricted -
• Salvation stimulated
• Decreased respiration – slower and deeper
• Bronchial passages constricted
• Decreased heart rate
• Digestion stimulated – want to eat
• Bladder contracted – don’t need to pee anymore

Parasympathetic nervous system

34

What two systems often act in opposition (e.g., heart rate) but can act in concert (e.g., sexual reflexes)

sympathetic/parasympathetic

35

Damage to the reticular activating system is a major cause of:

coma

36

The _______ nervous system is involved with sensory information and motor commands.

somatic

37

The sympathetic nervous system is involved with:

preparing the body in
response to threat.

38

Each segment of the spinal cord:

relay information to and from
different parts of the body.

39

What disease is associated the basal ganglia

Parkinsons

40

Which is a function of the cerebral cortex?

It makes symbolic thinking possible

41

because of ______ we can plan, coordinate thoughts and actions, perceive visual and sound patterns and use language

cerebral cortex

42

What does the Occipital Lobe do?

entirely devoted to processing vision

43

What does the frontal lobe do?

Abstract thinking, long term memory, planning and social skills. Also used to suppress impulsive behavior

44

What does the temporal lobe do?

language, hearing, visual pattern recognition.

45

What does the parietal lobe

touch, spatial, orientation, nonverbal thinking

46

What is the longutudinal fissure?

The split down the middle of the brain, between left and right

47

What is the central fissure?

The split in the center of the brain that separates the frontal lobe from the rest of the brain

48

Where is the optical lobe?

middle of the back of the brain

49

Where is the temporal lobe?

Directly under your temples

50

how to pronounce parietal lobe?

pariah-tal (like the fish)

51

What's the pleasure center of the brain?

The limbic system

52

What lobe inhibits erratic behavior?

frontal lobe

53

What lobe is involved with the coordination of the senses?

Parietal lobe

54

if you're trying to work out where the M24 building is from the auditorium what lobe is at use?

Parietal lobe.

55

Broca's area is located in what lobe, and concerned with?

The temporal lobe, Speech production and grammar

56

Wernicke's area is located in what lobe, and concerned with

the temporal lobe, speech comprehension

57

What is the somatosensory cortex?

used in touch

58

What does the motor cortex do?

All the the signals that cause movement are located in the motor cortex

59

Some functions are localized to one hemisphere (L or R) of brain. What is this called?

hemispheric Lateralization

60

What side of the brain tends to be more analytic?

The left

61

What side of the brain tends to be more holistic/artistic?

The right side

62

Do Females typically score higher on tests of verbal fluency, perceptual speed and manual dexterity?

Yes

63

What side of the brain is speech and language on?

the left. It is on the right also. but the left side dominates

64

What part of the brain did they cut to get rid of epileptic fits?

the corpus callosum

65

What side of the brain is the "naming" part? Eg. objects

the right.

66

What is split brain patient?

when they hold something with their left hand, they know what it is and how to use it but they cant came it because the signal cant cross over to the right side of the brain where the naming part is.

67

Is it Positive or negative feelings that are associated with the right temporal regions?

positive

68

Once we learn a piano piece well, the movements become controlled by the:

Basal Ganglia

69

What part of the brain relays information between the two cerebral hemispheres?

corpus callosum

70

what part of the brain coordinates fine muscle movements?

cerebellum

71

What does the spinal cord do?

Relays nerve impulses between brain and body and controls simple reflexes

72

Anna hears her teacher ask a question she knows the answer to, so she raises her hand so she can speak. Which division of the nervous system was directly responsible for her hand going up?

The somatic nervous system

73

what part of the brain influences memory and learning?

Hippocampus

74

What does the hipposcampus do?

involved in memory and leaning

75

What is the outer layer of the cerebral hemisphere called?

cerebral cortex

76

What part of the brain is important for emotion, memory, motivation and learning?

The limbic system

77

What is important for our having conscious awareness of our control over our existence?

The thalamus and the RAC

78

What connects the forebrain to the spinal cord?

The brainstem

79

An infant begins to cry after seeing his mother react fearfully to the unexpected approach of a dog. The area of his brain that is most likely being stimulated is the:

Amygdala - One function of the amygdala is the recognition of emotion, particularly fearful emotion in
others. A study using PET technology found that presenting fearful faces (as compared to happy or
neutral ones) activated the left amygdala and that the strength of the activation was strongly correlated with the degree of fear displayed in the faces

80

What does the hypothalamus do?

helps regulate eating, sleeping, sexual activity and emotional experiences. Also regulates behavior related to survival: fighting, feeding, fleeing, mating.

81

What does the cerebral cortex do?

It is involved in receiving and processing sensory information, other cognitive processing, planning and sending motor information

82

Assume that a drug had been developed that boosts one's memory and learning capacity. Such a drug is most likely to lead to increases in:

acetylcholine

83

Life is like a box of chocolates. You never know what you're going to get.' This metaphor is more likely to come from the _________ perspective

humanistic

84

All of the following are locate
d in the brain stem EXCEPT the

hypothalamus

85

A classmate is working on her presentation on the endocrine system for class. You overhear her as she says "This gland is often called the 'master gland' because it has an effect on the secretions of all the other endocrine glands." It sounds as though she is talking about the

pituitary

86

A neurotransmitter binds to the post-synapti
c neuron receptor and causes the sodium ion
channels on that post-synaptic neuron to open. This results in:

excitation of the post-synaptic neuron

NOT: an action potential in the post-synaptic neuron