Week 1 Flashcards Preview

Evidence Based Clinical Practice > Week 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (25):
1

True or False:
The type of data included in a systematic review is primary data?

False; secondary data

2

Evidence-Based Practice is the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of __________ in making decisions about the care of individual patients.

current best evidence

3

What are the 3 essential components of evidence-based practice?

- External Evidence
- Patient Values
- Clinical Expertise

4

What is at the top of the Hierarchy of Evidence?

Clinical practice guidelines

5

What is at the bottom of Hierarchy of Evidence?

Editorials, expert opinion

6

What is the order for the Hierarchy of Evidence (1-7)?

-- Clinical practice guidelines
-- Systematic reviews
-- RCT's
-- Cohort studies
-- Case-control studies
-- Case types
--Editorials, expert opinion

7

What are the 2 broad categories of health-related research?

-- Basic science
-- Clinical

8

Which type of broad category of health-related research is done in a laboratory, usually not patients?

Basic science

9

Which type of broad category of health-related research involves the treatment of patients?

Clinical science

10

Which type of broad category of health-related research investigates mechanisms - how treatment works?

Basic science

11

Which type of broad category of health-related research investigates clinical outcomes - shows effectiveness of treatment?

Clinical science

12

What is the science behind evidence-based practice?

epidemiology

13

What is the following
-- # of New Cases in a time frame?

incidence

14

What is the following:
-- Rate representing the # of people who currently have a condition?

prevalence

15

Which type of research does the investigator collect the data?

primary (new)

16

Which type of research does the investigator use data that has already been collected?

secondary

17

What are 3 examples of primary research?

-- Surveys
-- Experiments
-- Formal observations

18

What are 4 examples of secondary research?

-- Narrative review
-- Systematic review
-- Meta-analysis
-- Guidelines

19

What are the 2 types of study design categories?

-- Observational
-- Experimental

20

True or False:
-- In Observational studies, investigators do have control of variables?

False;

-- Investigators DO NOT control variables

21

In which study design category does the investigator have control over variables?

Experimental

22

Which study design category is often used for describing populations?

Observational

23

Which study design category is best to use if there are many unknown factors?

Observational

24

Which study design category is often used for investigating treatments?

Experimental

25

Which study design category is best for investigating effect of single factors?

Experimental