Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (25):
True or False:
The type of data included in a systematic review is primary data?
False; secondary data
Evidence-Based Practice is the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of __________ in making decisions about the care of individual patients.
current best evidence
What are the 3 essential components of evidence-based practice?
- External Evidence
- Patient Values
- Clinical Expertise
What is at the top of the Hierarchy of Evidence?
Clinical practice guidelines
What is at the bottom of Hierarchy of Evidence?
Editorials, expert opinion
What is the order for the Hierarchy of Evidence (1-7)?
-- Clinical practice guidelines
-- Systematic reviews
-- Cohort studies
-- Case-control studies
-- Case types
--Editorials, expert opinion
What are the 2 broad categories of health-related research?
-- Basic science
Which type of broad category of health-related research is done in a laboratory, usually not patients?
Which type of broad category of health-related research involves the treatment of patients?
Which type of broad category of health-related research investigates mechanisms - how treatment works?
Which type of broad category of health-related research investigates clinical outcomes - shows effectiveness of treatment?
What is the science behind evidence-based practice?
What is the following
-- # of New Cases in a time frame?
What is the following:
-- Rate representing the # of people who currently have a condition?
Which type of research does the investigator collect the data?
Which type of research does the investigator use data that has already been collected?
What are 3 examples of primary research?
-- Formal observations
What are 4 examples of secondary research?
-- Narrative review
-- Systematic review
What are the 2 types of study design categories?
True or False:
-- In Observational studies, investigators do have control of variables?
-- Investigators DO NOT control variables
In which study design category does the investigator have control over variables?
Which study design category is often used for describing populations?
Which study design category is best to use if there are many unknown factors?
Which study design category is often used for investigating treatments?