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Flashcards in Week 2 Deck (18):
1

What is the difference between filtered and unfiltered research?

-- Filtered is 2* research

-- Unfiltered is 1* research

2

In the Evidence Hierarchy, which 3 types of evidence are Filtered?

-- Clinical practice guidelines
-- Meta-analyses
-- Systematic reviews

3

In the Evidence Hierarchy, which 4 types of evidence are Unfiltered?

-- RCT's
-- Case-control, cohort
-- Expert opinion
-- Case reports/series

4

Which type of patients are used in observational studies?

people with specific condition/exposure

5

What is the purpose of observational studies?

gather "real-world" evidence

6

True of False:
-- Observational studies have no investigator-designed intervention?

True

7

What is the gold standard of chiro research in terms of effectiveness?

Experimental studies (ie RCT's)

8

Which type of patients are used in experimental studies?

sample 1 + comparison samples

9

What is the purpose of Experimental studies?

evaluate the effect of an intervention using methods that minimize risk of bias

10

Which type of patients are used in Systematic reviews?

none, usually include RCT's, cohorts, or sometimes lower-level studies

11

What is the purpose of Systematic reviews?

evaluate the best evidence available on a very specific topic from multiple sources

12

Which type of patients are used in Meta-analyses?

none, usually include RCT's, cohorts, or sometimes lower-level studies

13

What is the purpose of Meta-analyses?

evaluate the best evidence available on a very specific topic, combining data from the included studies

14

What is the purpose of Clinical practice guidelines?

make recommendations on best practices, based on best available evidence

15

What recent type of literature was developed to help busy clinicians apply evidence in their practice - often at point of care?

Pre-appraised literature

16

What are 2 pre-appraised databases?

-- Dynamed
-- UptoDate

17

What are the 5 A's of Evidence-based Practice?

-- Assess
-- Ask
-- Acquire
-- Appraise
-- Apply

18

What does PICO stand for?

-- Population
-- Intervention
-- Comparison
-- Outcome