Week 1 Dry Room Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 1 Dry Room Deck (44)
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1

What are the 4 compartments of the neck in a horizontal plane

Vertebral compartment
Vascular compartment
Visceral compartment
Musculofascial collar

2

What are the fascia in the neck

Pretracheal
Carotid
Investing
Prevertebral

3

What are the features a typical cervical vertebra

Vertebral foramen
Spinous process
Superior and inferior particular facet
Transverse foramen
Body
Posterior Tubercle

4

How many cervical vertebrae are there

7

5

What kind of joint is present between the occipital condyles and C1 (atlas)

Pivot joints

6

What kind of joint is present between C1 and C2 at the odontoid peg

Synovial joints

7

What structures pass through the foramen transversarium

Blood vessels

8

What is the vertebral prominens

Name of the 7th cervical vertebra

9

What is the special feature of the spines of the cervical vertebra

It bifurcates

10

What curvature exists in the cervical portion of the vertebral column

Lordosis

11

Boundaries of anterior triangle

Superiorly: mandible
Posteriorly: anterior border of sternocleidomastoid
Anteriorly: midline of the neck

12

Boundaries of posterior triangle

Anteriorly: posterior border of sternocleidomastoid
Posteriorly: anterior border of trapezius
Inferiorly: clavicle

13

Contents of anterior triangle

CcA, ECA, ICA, IJV, facial artery, hypoglossal nerves, vagis nerves, accessory nerves, laryngeal nerves, facial vein, glossopharyngeal nerves, submandibular nodes

14

Contents of posterior triangle

Accessory nerves
Occipital artery
Lymph nodes
Cervical nere plexus
External jugular vein

15

What are attachments of the sternocleidomastoid

Superior- mastoid process
Inferior- clavicle, manubrium

16

If the right sternocleidomastoid muscle contracted what way would the heard tilt and turn

Turn left and tilt right

17

What are the trapezius muscle actions

Elevates, retracts and rotates scapula

18

Which cranial nerve innervates the sternoscleidomastoid and trapezius

SCM- CN XI, C2 and C3
Trapezius- CN XI C3 and C4

19

Name the boundaries of the submittal triangle

Inferior-hyoid bone
Medial- midline of neck
Lateral- anterior belly of digastric muscle

20

Name the boundaries of the Digastric/submandibular triangle

Superior- body of mandible
Anterior- anterior belly of digastric muscle
Posterior- posterior belly of submandibular gland

21

Name of the boundaries of the carotid triangle

Superior- posterior belly of digastric muscle
Lateral- medial border of SCM
Inferior- superior belly of omohyloid

22

Name the boundaries of the muscular triangle

Superior- hyoid bone
Medial- imaginary idling of the neck

23

Contents of submental triangle

Submental lymph nodes

24

Contents of digastric/submandibular triangle

Facial artery
Submandibular gland

25

Contents of carotid triangle

Contents of neurovascular sheath
CCA
IJV
Hypoglossl and vagus nerve

26

Contents of muscular triangle

Strap muscles of the neck

27

What structures occupies the carotid sheath

Common carotid artery
Internal carotid artery
CN X
Internal Jugular vein

28

At what level does the CCA divide into the external carotid and internal carotid artery

Upper border of the thyroid cartilage

29

Which of these 2 branches (ICA or ECA) give off branches in the neck

ECA

30

In the neck, which of these two (ECA or ICA) is the most lateral

ICA