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Flashcards in Week 2 Wet Room Deck (29)
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1

What are the functions of the nose

Traps dirt
Humidifies air
Respiration
Olfaction (smell)

2

Where does the trachea begin

Lower border of the cricoid cartilage C6 vertebra and is where the oesophagus starts too

3

Which bone do nasal apertures articulate superiorly at the naison

Frontal bone

4

What bones form the roof of the nose

Nasal bones
Part of the frontal bones
Ethmoid bone
Body of sphenoid
Part of the ethmoid bone that contains the cribriform plate

5

What forms the floor of the nasal cavity

Palatine process of the maxillae
Palatine bones which forms the hard palate

6

What 2 bones form the nasal septum

Vomer
Perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone

7

What structure lies anterior to the vomer and perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone to complete the nasal cartilage

Septal cartilage

8

What passes through the cribriform plate

Axons of olfactory cells that make up the olfactory nerves

9

What type of mucosa lines the roof of the nasal cavity

Olfactory mucosa

10

Which plate of bone lying on the roof of the cranial cavity do axons of the olfactory nerve pass through to enter the cranial cavity

Cribiform plate of the ethmoid bone

11

What nee is given to the space above the superior concha

Sphenoethmoidal recess

12

Th inferior concha is a separate bone. What bone are the superior and middle concha parts of

Ethmoid bone

13

What are paranasal air sinuses

Air filled extensions of the respiratory part of the nasal cavity

14

What implications does the rich vascular supply of the nose have

Epistaxis is very common

15

What are the functions of the paranasal air sinuses

Lightening the weight of the head
Humidifying and heating inhaled air
Increasing resonance of speech

16

What opens into the sphenoid-ethmoid recess

Sphenoid sinus

17

What opens into the superior meatus

Posterior ethmoid cels

18

What opens into the middle meatus

Maxillary sinus
Frontal sinus
Anterior ethmoidal cells
Middle ethmoid cells

19

What opens into the inferior meatus

Nasolacrimal duct

20

Name the one sinus that does not drain well due to the opening not being at its most inferior part

Maxillary Sinus

21

Name the air sinus whose floor is often indented by tooth sockets

Maxillary sinus

22

What branch of CN V innervates the frontal air sinus

V1

23

Wha branch of CN V innervates the maxillary sinus

V2

24

What branch of CN V innervates the sphenoid sinus

V1 & V2

25

What branch of CN V innervates ethmoidal ai cells

V1

26

Which bone forms the roof of the nasopharynx

Sphenoid bone

27

What 2 important structures lie in the nasopharynx

Adenoids/Pharyngeal Tonsils
Pharyngotympanic tube

28

The posterior lip of the Pharyngotympanic tube is prominent due to what underlying muscle

Salpingopharyngeus muscle

29

What happens to adenoids after puberty

Undergo atrophy