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Flashcards in Week 10 Deck (39):
0

What is your quest?

To seek the grail

1

What is your name?

Sir fraser

2

What.....is the air speed velocity of an unlaiden swallow?

African or European swallow?

3

What are The bones of the foot?

Tarsus made up of;
Calcaneus
Talus
Cuboid
Navicular
3 cuneiforms

Metatarsus
Phalanges

4

Calcaneus

Largest and strongest bone of the tarsus
Transmits weight to the ground
Articulates with the talus and cuboid

5

What is the sustenaculum tali?

Bones landmark on the calcaneus, protects the medial side, supporting the talar head

6

What are the bony landmarks of the calcaneus

Calcaneal tuberosity
Sustentacular tali
Fibular trochlea

7

What are the three parts of the talus?

Body
Head
Neck

8

What are the bony landmarks for the talus?

Groove for FHL (between medial and lateral tubercles)
Trochlea
Lateral tubercle

9

What does the talus articulate with?

The tibia, fibula and calcaneus

10

What is the Talocural joint?

The joint between the talus and the leg

11

What attaches to the lateral tubercle of the talus?

The talofibular ligament

12

What does navicular mean?

Boat in Latin

13

What does the navicular articulate with?

Head of the talus and cuneiforms

14

What are the bony landmarks of the navicular

Navicular tuberosity

15

What are huge bony landmarks of the cuboid?

Cuboid tuberosity
Groove for Fibularis longus

16

How many cuneiforms are there and what is their orientation?

3,
Medial (1st)
Intermediate (2nd)
Lateral (3rd)

17

What do the cuneiforms articulate with

Navicular
Metatarsals
Cuboid

18

What are the bony landmarks of the metatarsals

Base
Body
Head
Styoid process on 5th metatarsal
2 seasamoid bones on under the 1st metatarsal
Tuberosities on metatarsals 1-4

19

Where can you find the two seasamoid bones of the foot?

Between the two tendons of flexor hallucis brevis

20

What are the bony landmarks of the phalanges?

Base
Body
Head

21

What are the three divisions of the foot?

Hind foot (back of the foot, talus and calcaneus)
Mid foot ( cuboid and cuneiforms)
Forefoot (metatarsals and phalanges)

22

What kind of joint is the ankle joint?

Hinge type synovial joint

23

What bones from the ankle joint?

Tibi
Fibula
trochlea of the talus
Grip of the mortise (look this up)

24

What makes up the mortise?

Distal tibia and fibula merging with the talus. Later medial malleoli and medial lateral malleoli

25

What capsules does the ankle joint hold?

Articulate capsule
Fibrous capsule

26

What re the 3 parts of the lateral ligaments of the ankle

Anterior talofibular ligament
Posterior talofibular ligament
Calcaneoutalofibular ligament

27

What are the medial ligaments of the ankle? 4 parts

Tibionavicular ligament
Anterior tibiotalar ligament
Posterior tibiotalar ligament
Tibiocalcaneal ligament

28

What is another name of the medial ankle ligaments

The deltoid ligament

29

What movements are present at the ankle?

Dorsiflexion
Plantar flexion

30

What is the arterial supply to the ankle?

Malleolus branches of the fibular artery and anterior posterior tibial arteries

31

What is the nerve supply to the ankle?

Tibial nerve
Deep fibular nerve

32

What are the joints of the foot

Subtarsal
Transverse tarsal
Trasometatarsal
Intermetatarsal
Metatarsophalangeal
Interphalangeal

33

The subtalar joint

Is the articulation between the inferior talus and superior surface of the calcaneus
It is a plane type synovial joint
Supported by the Interosseus, medial lateral and posterior talocalcaneal ligaments
Has inversion and eversion as it's movements

34

Talocalcaneonavicular joint

Is the articulation between the inferior talus and the superior surface of the
(Missed some here)

35

What is the transverse tarsal joint?

Made up of two parts, calcaneal cuboid
Talonavicular part of talocalcanealnavicular

36

Inter metatarsal joints

Are plane type synovial joints
Articulate between adjacent metatarsal bases
Their movement is small amount of gliding in relation to each other

37

Inter phalanges, joint

Hinge type synovial joints
Articulation between head of proximal phalanx and base of distal phalanx
Movements are flexion and extension

38

What are the three main ligaments of the foot?

Plantar calcaneonavicular ligament
Long plantar ligament
Plantarcalcaneocuboid ligament