Flashcards in WEEK 2 Deck (20)
What is an Act?
A federal, provincial, or territorial law that constitutes basic regulatory mechanism for occupational health and safety.
What is a regulation?
Explain how general intent of the act will be applied in specific circumstances
What are guidelines and policies?
More specific rules that are not legally enforceable unless referred to in a regulation or act.
What are standards and codes?
Design-related guides established by agencies.
All OH&S legislation includes?
2.Powers of enforcement
3.Workers' right to refuse unsafe work
4.Protection of workers from reprisals
5.Duties and responsibilities assigned to employers and others
What are duties of employers in OH&S legislation?
1. Ensuring equipment is provided and properly maintained.
2. Appointing a competent supervisor.
3. Providing information in medical emergency.
4. Informing supervisors and workers of possible hazards.
5. Posting OH&S Act in the workplace.
6. Preparing and maintaining health and safety policy and reviewing it annually.
What are the duties of supervisors in OH&S legislation?
1. Ensuring workers comply with OH&S Act and regulations.
2. Ensuring workers use or wear safety equipment, devices, or clothing.
3. Advising workers of possible hazards.
4. Providing written instructions if applicable.
5. Taking every reasonable precaution to ensure protection of workers.
What are the duties of workers in OH&S legislation?
1. Complying with OH&S Act and regulations.
2. Properly using safety equipment and clothes provided.
3. Reporting hazards, such as defective equipment, to supervisor.
4. Reporting any contraventions of the act or regulations.
What are the penalties for employer noncompliance?
-Fines up to $500,000 to an employer
-Ontario: maximum fine to a person is $25,000 plus two months’ jail time
-Bill C-45 (enacted under the Criminal Code): no limit on the fine to an employer, and/or up to life imprisonment to a person
What are the 3 basic rights to workers?
1. right to participate
2. right to refuse unsafe work
3. right to know
Explain the Joint Health and Safety Committee.
-Any workplace with 20 or more employees in Ontario must has a JH&SC.
-Each JH&SC must train and certify at least one management member and one worker member.
What are the 4 principle functions of JH&SC
1. identify potential hazards
2. evaluate these potential hazards
3. recommend corrective actions
4. follow up implemented recommendations
When do workers have the right to refuse unsafe work?
if work is normal condition of employment;
or if worker, by his or her refusal, places another life in jeopardy.
The workplace hazardous materials information systems (WHMIS) is based on what 3 elements?
1. workplace and supplier labels (Designed to alert the worker that the container contains a potentially hazardous product.)
2. material safety data sheets (MSDSs): (Outlining a product’s potentially hazardous ingredients and procedures for safe handling of the product.)
3. employee training: (WHMIS training)
What are the 6 classes of materials?
1. class A: compressed gas
2. Class B: flammable and combustible material
3. Class C: oxidizing material
4. Class D: Poisonous and infectious material
Division 1-contain a fatal poison
Division 2-causing other toxic effects
Division 3-Biohazardous infectious material
5. Class E: Corrosive Material
6. Class F: Dangerously Reactive material
Workplace labels must contain:
-Instructions for safe handling
-Location of an MSDS
Supplier labels must contain:
-Statement that the MSDS is to be referred to for more -----information
-First aid measures
Material Safety Data sheets must contain:
information as set out by Hazardous Products Act, and Controlled Products Regulations.
What is workers compensation?
A form of insurance governed by an act of Parliament to help workers injured on the job to return to work