Flashcards in Week 3 - Cardiology Deck (19):
Dyspnea is ________
sensation of difficulty breathing
Orthopnea is ________. It can indicate ________
breathing difficulty lying down
Heart failure, panic disorder, hypertension, obesity, sleep apnea, snoring, cor pulmonale
Heart failure is a condition where _______. It causes _______
the heart cannot pump enough blood throughout the body.
blood and fluid "back up" into the lungs
buildup of fluid in lower extremities
LHF can be caused by __________
HBP, obesity, aortic valve insufficiency/stenosis, cardiomyopathy
RHF can be caused by ________
COPD (cor pulomnale, mitral valve pathology)
Symptoms of heart failure include ________
sudden weight gain
SOB at rest
swelling of legs, abdomen
frequent dry, hacking cough
loss of appetite
Cor pulmonale is defined as _________.
_____ is the common link between ______ dysfunction and the heart in cor pulmonale
an alteration in structure and function of right ventricle caused by primary disorder of respiratory system,
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is __________
a bulging of one or both mitral valve leaflets into letft atrium during systole, commonly producing a crisp systolic sound or click and a delayed or late systolic mitral regurgitation murmr.
MVP is diagnosed by __________
Mitral regurgitation is ________
retrograde flow from left ventricle through an incompetent mitral valve into left atrium
Mitral stenosis is _______
obstruction of flow from left atrium to left ventricle because of a narrowed mitral orifice.
Mitral stenosis in adults is almost always caused by _______
previous rheumatic fever.
A heart controlled by the SA node is said to be in normal ____________
In bradycardia, EKG shows __________
RR interval is longer
Grave's disease is _________
an autoimmune disease that causes overactivity of the thyroid gland
Grave's disease is diagnosed via ____________
examination - increased heart rate, thyroid enlargement, goiter
blood work - TSH decrease, T3, T4 elevated, TSI high,
Describe EKG in ventricular fibrillation
random, apparently unrelated waves. Usually no recognizable QRS complex.
Myocardial infarction is predominantly a disease of ________ ventricle