Week 3: Leadership & Diversity Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 3: Leadership & Diversity Deck (12)
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Key points re:  values and ethics

Confidentiality CANNOT be guaranteed!

Client's right to self-determination - may be compromised.

Non-judgmental attitude - we are not "value free"

Right to informed consent - potential risks, expectations, screening and termination.


Systems Theory:

This theory focuses onunderstanding the group as a system.  Each member contributes to the order and equilibrium of the group.  Group members must work together to complete the task.


Psychodynamic Theory:

This theory focuses on the individual.  The group leader often represents a significant figure with which group members can work out/act out unresolved conflicts from earlier life experiences.  The leader provides interpretations by using transference and countertransference.


Learning Theory:

The focus of this theory is on the behavior of individual group members rather than on the behavior of the group as a whole.  It ignores the importance of group dynamics.  This is also known as "the behavioral approach".


Field Theory:

This theory focuses on the group as a whole:  both the behaviors of individual group members and the group itself must be seen as a function of the total situation.


Social Exchange Theory:

This theory focuses on the behaviors of individual group members; it argues that we seek out relationships that offer many rewards with very little cost or punishment.


Cognitive Behavioral Theory:

According to this theory, individual group members search their memories for stored information about each of the other group members in order to understand what caused other people to react a certain way.  Conversely, they become aware of their own thoughts and how they affect others.


Mutual Aid Approach

This model focuse on the mutual help provided by peers who have had similar experiences.


Name the Five types of Power:

  1. Attributed power - comes from the perception among group members and others that the worker can lead the group.
  2. Actual power - refers to the worker's resources and abilities for changing conditions inside and/or outside the group.
  3. Coercive power (attributed) - B's perceptions that A can punish or remove + consequences if B doesn't comply with A's standards.
  4. Legitimate power (actual or attributed) - based on the perception by B that A has a legitimate right to decide what constitutes appropriate behavior.
  5. Expert power (attributed or actual) - B's perception that A has the knowledge or expertise that is the source of power.


Name the 3 Theories of Group Leadership:

  1. Authoritarian - leader has more power; sets rules and policies; dictates activities.
  2. Democratic - leader seeks maximum involvement of group members; spreads responsibility.
  3. Laissez-Faire - leader participates very little.


Name the Factors that influence leadership:


  • Types of problems presented
  • Environment
  • Group as a whole
  • Group members
  • Group leader


Name some Leader roles:


  • Mediator
  • Educator
  • Initiator
  • Enabler
  • Broker
  • Advocate
  • Empowerer