Week 3: Leadership & Diversity Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 3: Leadership & Diversity Deck (12)
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1

Key points re:  values and ethics


Confidentiality CANNOT be guaranteed!

Client's right to self-determination - may be compromised.

Non-judgmental attitude - we are not "value free"

Right to informed consent - potential risks, expectations, screening and termination.

2

Systems Theory:


This theory focuses onunderstanding the group as a system.  Each member contributes to the order and equilibrium of the group.  Group members must work together to complete the task.

3

Psychodynamic Theory:


This theory focuses on the individual.  The group leader often represents a significant figure with which group members can work out/act out unresolved conflicts from earlier life experiences.  The leader provides interpretations by using transference and countertransference.

4


Learning Theory:


The focus of this theory is on the behavior of individual group members rather than on the behavior of the group as a whole.  It ignores the importance of group dynamics.  This is also known as "the behavioral approach".

5

Field Theory:


This theory focuses on the group as a whole:  both the behaviors of individual group members and the group itself must be seen as a function of the total situation.

6


Social Exchange Theory:


This theory focuses on the behaviors of individual group members; it argues that we seek out relationships that offer many rewards with very little cost or punishment.

7


Cognitive Behavioral Theory:


According to this theory, individual group members search their memories for stored information about each of the other group members in order to understand what caused other people to react a certain way.  Conversely, they become aware of their own thoughts and how they affect others.

8


Mutual Aid Approach


This model focuse on the mutual help provided by peers who have had similar experiences.

9


Name the Five types of Power:

  1. Attributed power - comes from the perception among group members and others that the worker can lead the group.
  2. Actual power - refers to the worker's resources and abilities for changing conditions inside and/or outside the group.
  3. Coercive power (attributed) - B's perceptions that A can punish or remove + consequences if B doesn't comply with A's standards.
  4. Legitimate power (actual or attributed) - based on the perception by B that A has a legitimate right to decide what constitutes appropriate behavior.
  5. Expert power (attributed or actual) - B's perception that A has the knowledge or expertise that is the source of power.

10


Name the 3 Theories of Group Leadership:

  1. Authoritarian - leader has more power; sets rules and policies; dictates activities.
  2. Democratic - leader seeks maximum involvement of group members; spreads responsibility.
  3. Laissez-Faire - leader participates very little.

11


Name the Factors that influence leadership:

 

  • Types of problems presented
  • Environment
  • Group as a whole
  • Group members
  • Group leader

12

Name some Leader roles:

 

  • Mediator
  • Educator
  • Initiator
  • Enabler
  • Broker
  • Advocate
  • Empowerer