Week 2: Group Dynamics & Stages of Group Development Flashcards Preview

Social Work II > Week 2: Group Dynamics & Stages of Group Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 2: Group Dynamics & Stages of Group Development Deck (10)
Loading flashcards...
1




Name the four Interaction Patterns



 




  1. Maypole - Interaction is between the leader and the group member.


  2. Round Robin - Group members take turns (usually in order & around the circle).


  3. Hot Seat - It is an extension of the "maypole", but goes on for a longer time.


  4. Free Floating - All group members participate; leader is more of a facilitator.


2


Factors that affect interaction patterns (7):



 




  1. Cues & reinforcers - any words or gestures that act as signals to group members to talk/interact more or less.


  2. Emotional bonds - the degree of interpersonal liking that develops between group members increases or decreases interaction.


  3. Subgroups - these are teh smaller groups that form as a result of alliances.


  4. Size & physical arrangement - these should depend on the goals of the group.


  5. Power & status - how do group members perceive each other? The leader?


  6. Opne-ended vs. Closed-ended - this is whether or not new members are added when old members leave or even at any given point in the group.


  7. Duration - amount of time for each session, as well as number of total sessions.


3


Group Cohesion





It is the sum of all variables influencing members to stay in a group.  (derived from Latin; translation - "act of sticking together.")


4




Social Control Dynamics



 




  1. Norms - expectations/beliefs about how to act in a group.


  2. Roles - these are often the same ones we play in our families: task roles, socioemotional roles and individual roles


  3. Group culture - values, customs, and beliefs that the group holds in common.


5




Task Roles:



 




  • Initiator/Contributor


  • Information seeker


  • Opinion seeker


  • Information giver


  • Elaborator


  • Evaluator/critic


  • Energizer


  • Recorder


6




Socioemotional Roles



 




  • Encourager


  • Harmonizer/Mediator


  • Compromiser


  • Gatekeeper


  • Group observer/commentator


  • Follower


7


Individual Roles



 




  • Aggressor


  • Block


  • Dominator


  • Evader & self-confessor


  • Help seeker


  • Recognition/Attention-seeker


  • Playboy/girl


  • Scapegoat


8




Name the Models of Stages of Group Development



 




  1. Tuckman Model (1963) **best one**


  2. Garland, Jones & Kolodny Model (1976)


  3. Northen (1969)


  4. Henry (1992)


  5. Wheelan (1994)


9


Tuckman Model:




  1. Forming - Group members get to know & become familiar with each other.


  2. Storming - Conflicts begin to arise.


  3. Norming - Group establishes cohesiveness and commitment.


  4. Performin - Group works as a unit to achieve group goals.


  5. Adjourning - Group terminates.


10




Garland, Jones & Kolodny Model




  1. Pre-affiliation - Group members are ambivalent about joining group.


  2. Power & control - Patterns of communication, alliances and subgroups begin to emerge; rebellion occurs.


  3. Intimacy - Feelings, likes and dislikes are more easily expressed; group members feel free to examine & make efforts to change personal attitudes.


  4. Differentiation - Group members feel freer to experiemnt with new  alternative behavior patterns; leadership is more evenly shared.


  5. Separation - Group terminates.