Define Group Work
Two or more interdependent individuals who aim at meeting socio-emotional needs and/or accomplishing tasks, both for indificual members and for the group as a whole.
Six Group Developmental Stages:
Name the three aspects involved in Group Work.
Individual group members - what are the goals and needs of each?
Group as a whole - how do the members interact and respond to each other?
Group's environment - does it need to be adapted or changed?
- Formed groups come together through some outside influence and usually for a particular purpose.
- Natural grouops come together naturally and spontaneously; they are NOT formed for a particular reason.
- Treatment groups are formed to meet the individual needs of group members.
- Task groups are formed to complete a task.
Types of treatment groups (6)
Sensitivity & Encounter Training
Support Groups are:
Groups that encourage self-help and mutual aid. The focus is on helping members recognize their own strengths. It is usually a relaxed and informal setting, and it is often led by "lay" people.
Educational Groups are:
Groups that teach members specialized skills and knowledge. They often have more of a "classroom" atmosphere, and a professional with expertise in a particular area usually leads.
These groups are for individuals with emotional, behavioral and/or personal problems. Counseling is provided by trained, skilled professionas, and there is a high degree of self-disclosure.
Members learn social skills and socially accepted behavior patterns These groups generally require a professional leader with strong group skills and knowledge. Members often learn "by doing"; therefore, they are "experiential" in nature.
Recreational/Skill Building Groups:
Recreational groups are generally offered by a recreational service agency. They can be leaderless.
Skill Building Groups are generally guided by an advisor, coach or instructor, and they focus on improving skills in an enjoyable manner.
Sensitivity & Encounter Training Groups:
The group members relate to each other in a close manner and teh goalis to increase interpersonal awareness. The leader should have training and knowledge to facilitate this type of group.
Name the two types of Task Groups:
- Problem-Solving & Decision Making Groups
- Focus Groups
Define Problem-Solving & Decision Making Groups
Group members convene to solve an identified problem or to make a decision. These often consist of a formal setting.
Why can focus groups be formed? (3 reasons)
- Identify needs & issues
- Generate proposals that resolve a particular issue
- Test reactions and/or evaluate alternative approaches
What are Focus Groups?
Groups that usually have a moderator that helps members stay focused on a topic. Focus groups usually meet for a limited number of sessions.
Define Nominal Groups
A type of focus groups. Its members work in the presence of others; however, they do not verbally interact. Needs are identified on paper.