Week 1: Introduction to Group Work Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 1: Introduction to Group Work Deck (17)
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Define Group Work

Two or more interdependent individuals who aim at meeting socio-emotional needs and/or accomplishing tasks, both for indificual members and for the group as a whole.


Six Group Developmental Stages:


  1. Planning
  2. Beginning
  3. Assessement
  4. Middle
  5. Ending
  6. Evaluation


Name the three aspects involved in Group Work.

  1. Individual group members - what are the goals and needs of each?
  2. Group as a whole - how do the members interact and respond to each other?
  3. Group's environment - does it need to be adapted or changed?


Formed Groups


Natural Groups


  • Formed groups come together through some outside influence and usually for a particular purpose.
  • Natural grouops come together naturally and spontaneously; they are NOT formed for a particular reason.


Treatment Groups


Task Groups


  • Treatment groups are formed to meet the individual needs of group members.
  • Task groups are formed to complete a task.


Types of treatment groups (6)

  1. Support
  2. Eductional
  3. Therapy
  4. Socialization
  5. Recreational/Skill Building
  6. Sensitivity & Encounter Training


Support Groups are:

Groups that encourage self-help and mutual aid.  The focus is on helping members recognize their own strengths.  It is usually a relaxed and informal setting, and it is often led by "lay" people.


Educational Groups are:

Groups that teach members specialized skills and knowledge.  They often have more of a "classroom" atmosphere, and a professional with expertise in a particular area usually leads.


Therapy Groups:

These groups are for individuals with emotional, behavioral and/or personal problems.  Counseling is provided by trained, skilled professionas, and there is a high degree of self-disclosure.


Socialization Groups:

Members learn social skills and socially accepted behavior patterns  These groups generally require a professional leader with strong group skills and knowledge.  Members often learn "by doing"; therefore, they are "experiential" in nature.


Recreational/Skill Building Groups:

Recreational groups are generally offered by a recreational service agency.  They can be leaderless.

Skill Building Groups are generally guided by an advisor, coach or instructor, and they focus on improving skills in an enjoyable manner.


Sensitivity & Encounter Training Groups:

The group members relate to each other in a close manner and teh goalis to increase interpersonal awareness.  The leader should have training and knowledge to facilitate this type of group.


Name the two types of Task Groups:


  1. Problem-Solving & Decision Making Groups
  2. Focus Groups


Define Problem-Solving & Decision Making Groups

Group members convene to solve an identified problem or to make a decision. These often consist of a formal setting.


Why can focus groups be formed? (3 reasons)


  1. Identify needs & issues
  2. Generate proposals that resolve a particular issue
  3. Test reactions and/or evaluate alternative approaches


What are Focus Groups?

Groups that usually have a moderator that helps members stay focused on a topic.  Focus groups usually meet for a limited number of sessions.


Define Nominal Groups

A type of focus groups.  Its members work in the presence of others; however, they do not verbally interact.  Needs are identified on paper.