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Capture core of the client's story. Highlight without distorting . Reflection of contact. Not simply repeating back


Why ask questions?

- Make something vague more concrete
- Pinpoint a detail
- help clients think about the implications of their behavior
- provides focus for client action
-help clients explore feelings, motivations, ideas more fully.


Opened Ended Questions

How, Could, Would, What, and maybe why used to elicit client narrative


Close ended questions

Do, Are, How Many, When, How much. Elicits specific information that can be answered in one of few words


Why questions are problematic because

Call for client to intellectualize ( a defense) and speculate. Assumes everything we do has underlying motivation were aware of



Tell me more about that... it's a directive to the patient. Give me more details. Describe.... They elicit narrative



Extended paraphrase, can be in the beginning of a session, included multiple sessions. Needs to be about three sentences . good to begin and end sessions with summary


Left Hemisphere of Brain

Left=Logical. Linear, perceives details as A,B,C. It's linguistic. Processes language. Part of the brain that says "Why", explains the world. Very literal, cannot be abstract


Right Hemisphere of Brain

Right=relational, Holistic, sees big pictures not details. Sees nonverbal information. It's receptive, describe the world, doesn't explain it. It is abstract. Responsible for autobiographic information. Nervous system regulation happens in right side, so stress reduction.


Information Path

When something happens in our environment the brain stem reacts first. It then goes to limbic system who assigns meeting, is this good or bad? Then to right hemisphere first where it is processed holistically, nonverbally, abstractly, and then it goes to the left where it is assigned logic and put into verbal communication