Week 3: Stroke Flashcards Preview

Neurosciences > Week 3: Stroke > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 3: Stroke Deck (6)
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1

What is the epidemiology of stroke?

-800,000/year of new or recurrent strokes
-5 mil TIA patients/year
-leading cause of long term disability and 4th leading cause of death
-1/15 deaths due to stroke

2

What are the warning signs of stroke?

Sudden weakness or numbness
Sudden change in vision
Sudden difficulty speaking or understanding
Sudden dizziness or loss of balance
Sudden headache

3

What are the types of stroke?

1. Ischemic (80%)
-mainly atherothrombotic
-lacunar
-cardioembolic
-cryptogenic
2. Hemorrhagic (20%)

4

Diagnosing a stroke.

-lab studies: CBC, aPTT, PT, TT times
-EKG
-Chest X ray
-CT scan

5

Treating a stroke

-Time is the most important
-can give tPA within 3 hours of onset in ischemic stroke

6

What are the risk factors for stroke?

1. hypertension
2. cholesterol
3. cigarettes
4. A fib
5. heavy alcohol use

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