Week 4-Pediatrics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 4-Pediatrics Deck (88)
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1

What is an example of habilitation?

congenital deficiency or really young amputees.

2

What is an example of rehabilitation?

acquired amputations

3

What are the three different development indicators?

motor skills and milestones
physical growth
psychosocial

4

Who are the training goals for?

parents and patients

5

What are the two different classifications for amputations?

transverse
longitudinal

6

What is a transverse classification?

nothing exists below a certain point

7

What is a longitudinal classification?

reduction or absence of aspects in the longitudinal axis

8

What is phocomelia?

Distal segments are attached to the torso

9

What is amelia?

complete absence of the limb

10

What is hemimelia?

partial absence of the limb

11

What is the percent of congential pediatric patients?

73%

12

What is the percent of malignancy in pediatric patients?

9%

13

What is the percent of trauma causing pediatric amputation?

8%

14

What is the percent of bone infection in pediatric patients?

4%

15

What is the percent of other pathologies causing amputations in pediatric patients?

6%

16

What is the percent of 1,000 live births in the U.S have amputations?

.3-1%

17

How many children are affected with amputations each year?

15,000-45,000

18

What percent of children have upper limb deficiencies?

58.5%

19

What is the definition of milestone?

Predictable sequence of motor skill development, marking the achievement of important functional abilities.

20

What could be a reason for not reaching a milestone?

May have altered milestone that looks different and so is preceived as not reaching the milestone

21

What must be planned for in the prosthetic design?

Comfort
Symmetrical limb length
Use pelite liner-easy to mold and add to

22

What is the age range for infants?

0-12 months

23

What is being increased during infancy?

function
strength
gross motion
coordination
interest
ROM
Patterns

24

How often should a preschooler be schedules?

At least every year, usually every few months

25

How often should grade school patients be scheduled?

every 12-18 months

26

How often should high school students be scheduled?

18-24 months

27

What are some fit issues?

slipping in and out of socket
pistoning
pain
skin reddening
flesh rolls around prox/med side of socket
callous/blister
flesh rolls around prox brim for femorals

28

What is an optimal psychosocial environment?

whole-some environment and interactive experience
treating family and patient together

29

What is important psychosocially for infant patients?

early referral so family is shown possibilities to provide hope and less despair

30

What is the age range for toddlers?

1-3 years