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Flashcards in Week 5 - Rise Of Humanism Deck (8)
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Humanistic psych

Termed "third force"

Allport, Kelly, Fromm, Maslow, May, Murray, Rogers

Process of positive growth towards a desired or even idealised human potential.

1

Phenomenology

Emphasises the individual's subjective experience of his/her world.

Shifts the focus from human consciousness to existence.

2

Existential anxiety

The feelings of dread or panic that follow the realisation that there is no ultimate meaning to ones life.

3

The actualising tendency

The active controlling drive towards fulfilment of our potentials that enables us to maintain and enhance ourselves.

Organismic valuing process - an innate bodily mechanism that draws the person toward growth-producing experiences and away from those that don't.

4

Characteristics of self-actualized people

1. Openness to experience - unafraid to show their own feelings
2. Existential living - go with the flow of each moment
3. Trust of their organism - don't look to others for guidance
4. Creativity
5. Leading an enriched life

5

Client centred therapy

Genuineness/congruence
Unconditional positive regard
Empathic understanding

6

Kelly Personal Constructs

Dichotomous

Moral-immoral; tolerant-intolerant; etc

No two people have the same set of personal constructs and so everyone has their own unique interpretation of the world.

Constructive alternativism: we are capable of changing/replacing our present interpretation of events.

7

Humanist legacy

Self-directed agency (self as doer rather than object).

Focuses far more on the personality change than on early development or the structure of personality.