Week 9 Lecture 9 - Personality Disorders Summary (DN) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 9 Lecture 9 - Personality Disorders Summary (DN) Deck (23):
0

How does DSM-5 characterise the Personality Disorders?

  • into three Clusters
  • A, B, C

1

Give some examples of the 'positive' and 'negative' psychotic-like symptoms in Personality Disorders?

  • Positive
    • (e.g. Ideas of reference, magical thinking, perceptual disturbances)

 

  • Negative
    • (e.g. Social isolation, poor rapport, constricted affect)

2

What defines the Cluster A Personality Disorders?

odd or eccentric behaviours

3

Which 3 Personality Disorders come under

Cluster A: odd or eccentric behaviours

  1. Paranoid Personality Disorder
  2. Schizoid Personality Disorder
  3. Schizotypal Personality Disorder

4

What defines the Cluster B Personality Disorders?

emotional, erratic or dramatic behaviours

5

Which 4 Personality Disorders come under

Cluster B: emotional, erratic or dramatic behaviours

  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder

7

What defines the Cluster C Personality Disorders?

fear & anxiety

8

Which 3 Personality Disorders come under 

Cluster C: fear, anxiety?

  • Avoidant Personality Disorder
  • Dependent Personality Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

9

What are the defining features of Paranoid Personality Disorder

 

Cluster A (odd, eccentric)

  • pervasive, unjustified distrust of people
  • positive & negative psychotic-like symptoms

 

13:10

10

What are the defining features of Schizoid Personality Disorder?

 

Cluster A (odd, eccentric)

  • Detachment from others

 

  • Disinterested in others
  • Little emotion in interpersonal relationships 
    • aloof, emotionally cold
  • Homelessness
  • Diagnosed only if not seen in context of schizophrenia - so seems to be on same continuum

 

  • Psychotic-like symptoms are Negative

 

19:00

11

How does Schizoid compare to Paranoid Personality Disorder?

Similarities:

  • Both Cluster A (odd, eccentric)
  • social isolation, poor rapport, reduced affect
  • social deficiencies similar but more extreme in Schizoid

Differences:

  • Schizoid: doesn't have unusual thought processes as in Paranoid
  • Schizoid symptoms stem from detachment
  • Paranoid symptoms stem from distrust & suspiciousness

20:20

12

What are the defining features of Schizotypal Personality Disorder

 

Cluster A (odd, eccentric)

  • social & interpersonal deficits
  • difficulty with close relationships
  • cognitive & perceptual distortions
  • strange, peculiar individuals

 

Psychotic-like symptoms are positive

13

What are the defining features of Borderline Personality Disorder

 

Cluster B (emotional, erratic or dramatic)

  • Impulsivity
  • Instability of relationships, moods & emotions

 

33:00

14

What is the defining feature of Histrionic Personality Disorder?

 

Cluster B (emotional, erratic or dramatic)

  • overly dramatic
  • excessive emotionality, attention seeking

 

1:01:30

15

What is the defining feature of Narcissistic Personality Disorder? Cluster B: (emotional, erratic, or dramatic)

unreasonable sense of self-importance 1:06:25

16

What are the defining features of Antisocial Personality Disorder?

Cluster B (emotional, erratic or dramatic)

  • disregard for others & violation of others rights 
  • lack of remorse
  • poverty of emotion

 

1:13:15

17

What childhood disorder is a precursor for Antisocial Personality Disorder?

Conduct Disorder

18

What are the defining features of Conduct Disorder?

  • violation of major age-appropriate norms/rules
  • agression, destruction, deceitfulness, theft

19

What is the main difference between Conduct Disorder & Antisocial Personality Disorder?

  • lack of remorse in Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • remorse, regret is seen Conduct Disorder 

126:40

20

What are the defining features of Avoidant Disorder?

  • sensitive to social consequences of behaviour
  • afraid of criticism, disapproval
  • need to be liked

21

How does the asocial behaviour differ between

  • Avoidant Personality Disorder (Cluster C fear anxiety) 

and

  • Schizoid Personality Disorder (Cluster A: odd, eccentric)

  • Avoidant Personality Disorder
    • Asocial because of interpersonal anxiety or fear of rejection
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder
    • Asocial because apathetic & disinterested in relationships

129:40

22

What underlies Dependent Personality Disorder?

(Cluster C fear anxiety)

Unreasonable fear of abandonment

 

134:30

23

What is the defining feature of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder?

(Cluster C fear anxiety)

Excessive preoccupation with orderliness & control

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