Week one- ethics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week one- ethics Deck (12):
1

Advanced directives

written instructions for how one's health care decisions will be made should one become incapacitated

2

durable power of attorney for Health Care

a decision-making agent
a statement of one's wishes
two witnesses are typically required

3

Declaration to physicians (living will)

a description of the nature of life-sustaining care that one would want if they were terminally ill, in a persistent vegetative state

4

Five wishes

a simplified version of an advanced directive
person describes five wishes for care
meet the requirements for advance directives in the state of wisconsin

5

Do-not resuscitate option

allows certain individuals to request a DNR bracelet
- 18 or older
- not pregnant
- has terminal medical condition

6

Guardianship

acts on behalf of someone who has been ruled mentally incompetent
guardian of person and estate

7

Power of attorney for finance and property

the person appoints a trusted person to act on his/her behalf
authorized to manage finance and property matters
may require an attorney to initiate

8

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

insurance portability, fraud enforcement, and administrative simplification
privacy and confidentiality rules were written to protect individually identifiable information

9

Neglect

failure/refusal to provide basic necessities
abandonment
self-neglect

10

Abuse

physical
emotional
sexual
medical
financial

11

Patient self-determination act 1990

requires agencies that accept Medicare or Medicaid funds to inform clients of their rights to make decisions
prohibits discrimination against those without an advance directive

12

Patient Autonomy

personal rule of the self that is free from both controlling interferences by others and from personal limitations that prevent meaningful choice such as inadequate understanding