What does a Wingate Test tell you?
Determines athletes peak anaerobic power and anaerobic capacity.
These variables reflect the energy production of the body’s immediate and short-term energy systems and are quantified in terms of peak power, average power, total work, and rate of fatigue.
Why is the Wingate Test useful?
Useful assessment tool for sports which demand short-duration maximal efforts
What energy systems are used in the Wingate Test?
ATP-PC System – ATP and creatine phosphate (CP) are present in very small amounts in the muscle cells. The system can supply energy very quickly because oxygen is not needed for the process. No lactic acid is produced in the process.
If you are carrying out a test that is using the 30 second method you will also enter the glycolytic system:
Define peak power
The peak power is the maximum power that the power supply can sustain for a short time
Define relative peak power
Calculated by dividing peak power by body mass.
Define the power drop
Max power minus minimum power = Power drop
The rate of fatigue, the higher the percentage, the more the athlete dropped off during the test. A lower rate of fatigue indicates that the athlete was able to maintain the workload longer, which could indicate improved endurance
What equipment do you need in a Wingate Test?
Cycle ergometer - able to show work force x distance = work.
Flywheel braking force of 7.5% of the participant’s body mass in weights - BW maximises peak power output and/or mean power.
Monark computer programme
What would you do pre-test?
- Explain what’s involved.
- PARQ (physical, activity, readiness, questionnaire) Red box by the lab door.
- Get a witness to sign the PARQ
- Participant - Weight, BMI, Height.
- Room - Temp, pressure, humidity
What protocol would you do in the test?
- Test can last 10 seconds / 30 seconds. (30 secs for trained - they take longer to fatigue)
- Cycle at 70RPM
- 5 seconds countdown, then ask the participant to cycle as quickly as possible
- Weight will drop when they go above 70 RPM.
- Motivate heavily
- ## Once over, quickly remove the weight and ask the participant to continue cycling and moving their legs. Avoids blood shunting.
How do you warm up the participant?
- Cycle for 3-4 mins at 60W (f) and 90W (m) M = 1.5kg, F = 1kg
- Halfway through test with weight then lift basket
- Warm up sprint for 3 seconds only
- Rest for 2 mins before actual test.
What do you need to do post test?
- Check participant is okay
- Keep them moving for 10 mins and stay with them
- Debrief on their results